Year: 2016 Source: The Lancet Psychiatry.(2015).2(10):861Ð862.doi:10.1016/S2215-0366(15)00352-1 SIEC No: 20160220

Indigenous people worldwide are likely to share collective experiences of being exploited, marginalised, disenfranchised from lands, and having had their cultures attacked. In several countriesÑincluding Canada, the USA, and AustraliaÑIndigenous children were targets of abusive and violent assimilation tactics. In Canada, this tactic was based on the rationale that as children, Indigenous people would be particularly suitable for Òcomplete transformationÓ.1 To this end, the government’s policy of forcibly removing Indigenous children from their parents to attend church-run residential schools was implemented in the mid-1800s.