Year: 2016 Source: Journal of Human Behavior in the Social Environment.(2016).26(1):25-36. DOI:10.1080/10911359.2015.1058626 SIEC No: 20160004

This review examines 10 studies of suicide prevention programs conducted in small communities using these programs: (1) Applied Suicide Intervention Skills Training (ASIST), (2) Connect, (3) Campus Connect, and (4) Question, Persuade, and Refer (QPR). These evidence-based programs are listed in the Best Practices Registry funded by the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration. The programs with the strongest evidence of efficacy and effectiveness are ASIST and QPR. Recommendations are the following: (1) increase research on prevention programs with diverse trainees; (2) create decision models that consider program costs relative to impacts; and (3) develop more suicide prevention programs that target at-risk adults.