Year: 2013 Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior.(2011).41(1):50Ð65. DOI: 10.1111/j.1943-278X.2010.00001.x SIEC No: 20130538

Research suggests a link between friendships and suicidality among U.S. youth, but this link has not been confirmed across ethnicities. The relationship between friendships and suicidality among Mexican American and European American adolescents was examined in this study. Specifically, the role of friendship problems (i.e., social isolation, poor quality friendships) and problematic friends (i.e., friends who were disconnected from school, delinquent friends) was explored. Participants were 648 community youth. FriendsÕ school disconnection was related to Mexican American girlsÕ suicidal ideation, while friendsÕ delinquency was associated with European American youth suicidal behavior. Friendship factors were no longer associated with suicidality after controlling for suicidality correlates such as depression. These findings indicate that the relationship between friendships and suicidality varies by gender and ethnicity. They also suggest a dominant role of depression.