Year: 2013 Source: Acta Psychiatrica Scandinavica.(2011).124(6):454-461.DOI: 10.1111/j.1600-0447.2011.01752.x. SIEC No: 20130101

Objective: To investigate the associations between psychiatric diagnosis in late adolescence in an unselected population and subsequent suicide attempt and suicide during 36-year follow-up. Method: A total of 49 321 Swedish men conscripted for compulsory military training in 1969/1970, born 1949-1951, were screened for psychiatric disorder and, if detected, diagnosed by a psychiatrist according to ICD-8. Data on suicides and suicide attempts 1971-2006 were collected in national registers. Results: At conscription examination, 11.7% of the cohort received a psychiatric diagnosis. Among those, increased risks of suicide 1971-2006 HR = 2.7 (2.2-3.2), 624 cases and suicide attempt 1973-2006 HR = 3.5 (3.1-4.0), 1170 cases were found. The increased relative risks persisted during the follow-up period 19-36 years after examination 1989-2006 suicide HR = 2.1 (1.6-2.7), 308 cases, and 1989-2006 suicide attempt HR = 2.6 (2.1-3.1), 484 cases. The dominant diagnostic groups, neurosis and personality disorder, were significantly associated with suicide and suicide attempt in the early as well as the late follow-up period. Conclusion: Psychiatric diagnoses made in late adolescence predicted subsequent suicide and suicide attempt over a 36-year follow-up period. The increased relative risks were not limited to young adulthood but were also evident 18-36 years after conscription examination.