Year: 2013 Source: Journal of Cognitive Psychotherapy.(2012).26(4):318-330. DOI:10.1891/0889-8391.26.4.318. SIEC No: 20130065

Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a highly prevalent behavior among clinical and nonclinical samples. Despite the prevalence, maladaptive, and potentially dangerous nature of the behavior, no empirically supported interventions have been identified specifically for NSSI, and clinicians report a lack of knowledge regarding the treatment of NSSI. This article discusses the application of a common component of therapy, the case formulation, to conceptualizing and treating NSSI. This strategy for case formulation incorporates cognitive-behavioral and functional analytic approaches while focusing on factors pertinent to the development, maintenance, and treatment of NSSI. A case example is presented.