This assessment presents 9 case summaries of deaths in custody that occurred between April 2008-April 2010. The cases were purposefully selected as they highlight significant &, in many instances, recurring patterns & themes. They illustrate the complexity of the challenges facing the Correctional Service of Canada in preserving life in a correctional context. Each case yields important findings in its own right, but also points to the general need for more rigorous attention to certain preventative measures, particularly in cases involving more vulnerable, at-risk populations. 7 recommendations are made for preventing such deaths.