Year: 2009 Source: Suicide and Life-Threatening Behavior, v.39, no.5, (October 2009), p.538-547 SIEC No: 20091085

Cognitive-behaviour therapy, problem-solving therapy, or treatment-as-usual were compared in the management of suicide attempters. Participants completed the Beck Hopelessness Scale, Beck Scale for Suicidal Ideation, Social Problem-Solving Inventory, & Client Satisfaction Questionnaire at pre- & post-treatment. Both cognitive-behaviour therapy & problem-solving therapy indicated significant improvements over time within the majority of measured variables. When compared to treatment-as-usal, both groups showed significant differences on satisfaction. When problem-solving therapy was compared to treatment-as-usal, results indicated significant differences on suicde ideation, indicating overall efficacy of brief therapies with suicide attempters. (45 refs.)