Year: 2006 Source: Archives of General Psychiatry, v.63, no.7, (July 2006), p.757-766 SIEC No: 20080853

This study evaluated the hypothesis that unique aspects of dialectical behaviour therapy are more efficacious compared with treatment offered by non-behavioural psychotherapy experts. A one-year randomized control trial plus 1 year of posttreatment follow-up was conducted with 101 clinically referred women with recent suicidal & self-injurious behaviours. Dialetical behaviour therapy was associated with better outcomes in the intent-to-treat analysis than community treatments by experts in most target areas. Subjects receiving dialectical behaviour therapy were half as likely to make a suicide attempt, required less hospitalization for suicide ideation, & had lower medical risk across all suicide attempts & self-injurious acts combined. 42 refs.)