Year: 2007 Source: British Journal of Psychiatry, v.191, suppl.50, (August 2007), p.s29-s36 SIEC No: 20080718

The epidemiology & methods for measuring 6 adverse outcomes in schizophrenia – violence, victimisation, suicide/self-harm, substance use, homelessness, & unemployment – were examined. A rveiw of the literature was carried out for each outcome, with attention to critical appraisal of existing measurement tools. Schizophrenia is associated strongly with all six outcomes. Each outcome acts as a risk factor for at least some of the other outcomes. There are few standardised or validated measures for these outcomes. Each measure has inherent biases but a growing trend is for these to be minimised by using multiple measures. (125 refs.)