Year: 2004 Source: Archives of Iranian Medicine, v.7, no.2, (2004), p.113-117 SIEC No: 20080525

Two cognitive measures, autobiographical memory test & means-ends problem-solving task, Persian versions, were used to assess 20 parasuicide patients who met diagnostic criteria for major depressive disorder. Suicide attempters were more depressed & more hopeless than matched healthy subjects. Results showed the parasuicides produced more overgeneral memories & responded more slowly to positive than negative cue-word, compared to control subjects. In the problem-solving task, the patients provided less effective strategies, fewer means, & more irrelevant means. There were significant correlations between autobiographical memory & problem-solving variables. (20 refs.)