Year: 2007 Source: Journal of the Royal Society of Medicine, v.100, no.1, (January 2007), p.25-28 SIEC No: 20080197

This paper examines attitudes towards active euthanasia & suicide in ancient Greece by studying the works of various dramatists & philosophers. Active euthanasia was rejected by the majority of both because it was considered to be a violation of the autonomy of the individual & an action against the will of the gods. Passive euthanasia was more acceptable. With regard to suicide, both Aristotle & Plato refer to it not from an ethical standpoint but from the viewpoint of the law, supporting the theory that to die by suicide was to do oneself an injustice. (30 refs.)