Suicidal behavior is a common and important problem among alcohol dependent patients. The study was designed to examine risk factors for attempting suicide in 499 alcohol dependent patients. Those who had attempted suicide (N = 198) were more likely to be female, report a family history of suicidal behavior, report more childhood trauma, report greater levels of aggressive behavior, began heavy drinking earlier, and were more likely to have received antidepressant medication. Logistic regression analysis showed that gender, family history, and childhood sexual abuse history made significant and independent contributions to the risk of a suicide attempt. Thus, developmental, personality, family history, social, and comorbidity risk factors may differentiate alcohol dependent patients who have attempted suicide from those who have not.