Year: 2000 Source: Advanced Study Institute/McGill Summer Program in Social & Cultural Psychiatry, (2000: Montreal), p.5-25 SIEC No: 20011521

This paper reviews some recent research on the mental health of the First Nations, Inuit, & Metis of Canada. Evidence for the social origins of mental health problems is summarized & the ongoing responses of individuals & communities to the legacy of colonization are illustrated. Cultural discontinuity & oppression have been linked to high rates of depression, alcoholism, suicide, & violence in many communities, with the most dramatic impact on youth. Despite these challenges, many communities have done well & research is needed to identify the factors that promote wellness. Cultural psychiatry can contribute to rethinking mental health services & health promotion for Indigenous populations & communities. (116 refs.)