Year: 1998 Source: Sault Ste. Marie, ON: Community Lifelines, (August 1998). 8p. SIEC No: 19980909

Solutions for 2 questions that arise after a traumatic events occurs are discussed: What can we expect to see in those impacted? and How can we help? Shock, disbelief, and intense feelings of anger, sadness, guilt, fear, anxiety or blame are often experienced. In order to help those impacted, SPEND (Safety, Physical and Emotional Needs Direction) is suggested as a guideline. Each word is explained. While we do not have a choice when tragedy strikes, we do have a choice in recovering from it.