Year: 1995 Source: Canadian Medical Association Journal, v.153, no.5, (September 1, 1995), p.529-540 SIEC No: 19950192

This literature review focused on articles published in the 1980’s & 1990s. Evaluated on the basis of epidemiological criteria for causation, the evidence suggests a strong positive association between employment & many adverse health outcomes. Whether unemployment causes adverse outcomes is less straightforward. Most aggregate-level studies reported a positive association between unemployment rates & rates of overall mortality & mortality due to cardiovascular disease & suicide. (69 Refs.)