Year: 1995 Source: Crisis, v.16, no.1, (1995), p.13-14, 17 SIEC No: 19950123

This article continues a discussion of altruism & focuses on distortions of caring that can take place & that can lead to volunteer burnout, real or perceived harm to the caller, or even a life-threatening situation for the volunteer or caller. Specific problems discussed: egoism, vicarious needs, diverting the therapeutic goal of the conversation, inappropriate intrusion into the life of the caller, dependency (lack of independent judgement or identity), & exhibiting a superperson ideation.