Year: 1991 Source: Psychotherapy in Private Practice, v. 8, no. 4, (1991), p.61-75 SIEC No: 19920094

This article discusses the difficulties in motivating seriously disturbed youths to alter their moral behavior. The author describes the problems in changing these patterns from both biological & psychological perspectives. Early learning experiences & genetic factors are examined. Current research is also reviewed, as well as theories regarding morality based on psychoanalytic, cognitive & the individual suicide models. In particular, the theories of Piaget & Kohlberg are outlined. (VM)