Year: 1989 Source: Annual Meeting of the American Association of Suicidology, (22nd: 1989: San Diego), p.87-89 SIEC No: 19900744

This article describes the type of hopelessness which the author believes leads to suicide. There are 2 elements: a perception of being utterly incapable of achieving expectations which are core to self-definition, & the incorporation of death, morbidity & suicide into the identity. (VM)