Year: 1981 Source: New York: Academic Press Inc., 1981. pp.191-206 SIEC No: 19900682

This chapter discusses self-injurious behavior (SIB), which is repetitive behavior that produces immediate physical damage to the individual. The learning & biological approaches to SIB are described. Learning theorists suggest SIB develops through operant conditioning as it elicits attention from observers. Biological approaches suggest SIB results from mental deficiencies or genetic mutations. Environment abnormalities (e.g. acute stress, social isolation) are also suggested as causes.