Year: 1972 Source: Advances in Psychosomatic Medicine, v.8, (1972), p.20-40 SIEC No: 19870159

Evidence suggests that an important antecedent of somatic or psychic disease is a giving up reaction, which has 2 forms: the person must give up a source of gratification, creating feelings of helplessness, or he is unable to satisfy his own standards, creating hopelessness. These experiences are associated with transitions between life stages, how one masters them depends on coping capabilities & availability of environmental coping facilities. The biological function of giving up is explained.