Year: 1979 Source: New York: Family Service Association of America, 1979. p.182-201 SIEC No: 19820757

Explores aspects of hopelessness. Evidence from various experiments indicate that there may be a univeral instinct to end life under hopeless conditions, & that hopelessness can begin early in human development. Quotes & experiences are used to argue that hope might arise from mastery, maintaining a goal, & accepting passivity. Outcomes of hopelessness include depression & self-harm manifesting as suicide, homicide, or accident. Implications for treatment are discussed. (30 refs.) (RM)