Objectives: Suicidality during hospitalization is a common phenomenon with potential devastating consequences. We attempted to identify risk factors for in-hospital suicidality in a high risk group of adolescent inpatients hospitalized for suicidal behaviors (SB). Methods: The database of a tertiary adolescent psychiatric ward was screened for patients hospitalized consecutively for SB during 2001-2010. Data on documented demographic, clinical, and behavioral risk factors were collected. Suicidal events during hospitalization were classified according to the Columbia Classification Algorithm of Suicide Assessment. Results: The sample included 122 inpatients (53% female) aged 10-19 (Mean=15.77, Standard Deviation=2.89) years admitted for SB. Thirty-seven youth (30%) exhibited SB during the hospitalization period (the “suicidal group”), ten of which attempted suicide while hospitalized. There were no significant differences in demographic and clinical parameters between the suicidal and the non-suicidal groups. Younger age, history of drug use and a history of non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) were independent predictors of a SA during hospitalization. A previous SA added significant risk to SA during hospitalization only in the group that had a history of NSSI. Conclusions: A high risk of SB exists among adolescents hospitalized for suicidality. The risk assessment for SA during hospitalization should include age, history of drug use and previous SA combined with a history of NSSI. Future studies should expand the efforts to identify potential risk factors of SB during hospitalization in this unique high-risk group.