Year: 2021 Source: Health Communication. (2020). DOI: 10.1080/10410236.2020.1862396 SIEC No: 20210020

This study analyzes the general public’s framing of ‘mental health’ and critically assesses the implications
of these findings. A mismatch between how people think about mental health and what messages are
used in mental health campaigns may hinder attempts to improve mental health awareness and reduce
stigma. We have conducted frame analysis by using a combination of topic modeling and sentiment
analysis, examining 10 years of mental health-related tweets (n = 695,414). The results reveal seven
distinctive mental health frames: ‘Awareness’, ‘Feelings and Problematization’, ‘Classification’,
‘Accessibility and Funding’, ‘Stigma’, ‘Service’, and ‘Youth’ (arranged by salience). In analyzing these
frames, we have learned that (1) the general awareness about mental health relates to mental illness,
while health and well-being framing, although present, is prone to low quality of information, (2) mental
health discourse is often used to problematize social issues and externalize personal anxieties, which
tends toward trivialization and, possibly, treatment delays, (3) mental health discourse often revolves
around popularized mental illness (e.g., depression, anxiety, but not neurocognitive diseases), (4) the
mental health ‘Stigma’ frame is not overly pronounced; it revolves around violence, fear, and madness, (5)
mental health is frequently politicized, especially concerning gun laws in the US and service accessibility
and funding in the UK. Additionally, some narrower frames discovered may warrant further examination.
For instance, PTSD is mostly framed around veterans and suicide, ADHD around youth, and substance
abuse in relation to women, teens, and impoverished.