Year: 2018 Source: Psychological Assessment. (2018). 30(9). SIEC No: 20180553

Recent research by Witte and colleagues (2017) revealed a taxonic structure for classifying suicide risk using
a sample of predominantly military outpatients. The authors sought to replicate the Witte et al. (2017) findings
using data from a sample of 2,385 psychiatric inpatients who completed measures of suicidal ideation and
behavior upon admission to the hospital. The comparison curve fit index values for means above minus below
a cut (.80), maximum eigenvalue (.71), and latent mode (.52) showed a similar taxonic structure (i.e.,
dichotomous rather than continuous). Consistent with Witte et al. (2017), differences between the taxon and
complement groups were larger for variables conceptually directly related to suicide risk than to broader
constructs such as hopelessness or depression. Support for this categorical distinction among a sample of
long-term psychiatric inpatients, who are uniformly high in symptom severity, emphasizes the need for
additional research on this high-risk group and development of further assessment methods.