Year: 2017 Source: JAMA. (2016). 316(21): 2214-2236. doi:10.1001/jama.2016.17324 SIEC No: 20170194

Medical students are at high risk for depression and suicidal ideation. However, the prevalence estimates of these disorders vary between studies.

Objective  To estimate the prevalence of depression, depressive symptoms, and suicidal ideation in medical students.

Data Sources and Study Selection  Systematic search of EMBASE, ERIC, MEDLINE, psycARTICLES, and psycINFO without language restriction for studies on the prevalence of depression, depressive symptoms, or suicidal ideation in medical students published before September 17, 2016. Studies that were published in the peer-reviewed literature and used validated assessment methods were included.

Data Extraction and Synthesis  Information on study characteristics; prevalence of depression or depressive symptoms and suicidal ideation; and whether students who screened positive for depression sought treatment was extracted independently by 3 investigators. Estimates were pooled using random-effects meta-analysis. Differences by study-level characteristics were estimated using stratified meta-analysis and meta-regression.

Main Outcomes and Measures  Point or period prevalence of depression, depressive symptoms, or suicidal ideation as assessed by validated questionnaire or structured interview.

Conclusions and Relevance  In this systematic review, the summary estimate of the prevalence of depression or depressive symptoms among medical students was 27.2% and that of suicidal ideation was 11.1%. Further research is needed to identify strategies for preventing and treating these disorders in this population.

Contact us for a copy of this article, or view online at http://jamanetwork.com/journals/jama/fullarticle/2589340?utm_campaign=articlePDF&utm_medium=articlePDFlink&utm_source=articlePDF&utm_content=jama.2016.17324

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *