Year: 2023 Source: Crisis. (2012). 33(6), 358–363. DOI: 10.1027/0227-5910/a000148 SIEC No: 20231110

Background: Repeated episode(s) of deliberate self-harm (RDSH) is a major risk factor for suicide.

Aims: To identify specific risk factors for RDSH among patients admitted following an episode of deliberate self-harm (DSH) through acute intoxication.

Methods: A prospective 6-month study was conducted with 184 patients (71% female) admitted to the emergency room (ER) as a result of self-poisoning (SP).

Results: Rate of RDSH stood at 18% after 6 months. The sociodemographic variables associated with repeated deliberate self-harm were to have no principal activity, consultation with a medical professional during the 6 months preceding the self-poisoning, and referral to psychiatric services upon release from the ER. The clinical variable associated with RDSH was alcohol addiction (OR=2.7; IC 95%=1.2-6.1, p<.05) as assessed at the time of the initial ER admission.

Conclusions: When patients are initially admitted to the ER as a result of self-poisoning, it is important to evaluate specific factors, particularly alcohol use, that could subsequently lead to repeated deliberate self-harm. The goal is to improve the targeting and referral of patients toward structures that can best respond to their needs.