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Table of Contents
    49539 Resources
    Articles

    FAQs

    Frequently asked questions about suicide.

    FAQs
    Abstract
    Differences in suicidality in non-treatment-seeking and treatment-seeking law enforcement officers: A cross-sectional study

    Objective Law enforcement officers (LEOs) are exposed to high levels of occupational trauma and face added stress from heightened public scrutiny and COVID-19, which may result in suicide. It is crucial to understand differences between LEOs who seek treatment and those who do not. Method We compared LEOs from the same greater metropolitan area who […]

    October 5, 2022
    Abstract
    Ethnic and sexual identity-related inequalities in adolescent health and well-being in a national population-based study

    Purpose: This study employed an intersectional framework to examine impact of inequalities related to sexual minority (SM) and ethnic minority (EM) identities in risk for health, well-being, and health-related behaviors in a nationally representative sample. Methods: Participants included 9789 (51% female) adolescents aged 17 years from the U.K.-wide Millennium Cohort Study, with data on self-identified sexual and […]

    October 5, 2022
    Manuscript
    Suicide in the construction industry: 2001-2019. Report submitted to MATES in Construction by the University of Melbourne

    Suicide is one of the leading causes of death in Australia. In 2020, 3139 Australians are known to have died by suicide and of these, more than three-quarters were male. Among Australian males in 2020, suicide was the 10th leading  cause of death (Australian Bureau of Statistics, 2020a). A substantial proportion of males who die […]

    October 4, 2022
    Abstract
    Experience and attitudes of pharmacy teams towards suicide prevention: A cross-sectional survey

    Background Community pharmacists are increasingly recognized as integral members in suicide prevention programs, as part of a multidisciplinary and multifaceted approach. However, further research is required to understand then optimize the whole pharmacy teams’ role across sectors. Objective To explore pharmacy teams’ experience of, and attitudes towards, suicide prevention in England. Methods A cross-sectional survey […]

    October 4, 2022
    Abstract
    Internalizing and externalizing symptoms moderate the relationship between emotion dysregulation and suicide ideation in adolescents

    The relationship between emotion dysregulation and suicide ideation may depend on the level of internalizing and externalizing symptoms. It was expected that both internalizing and externalizing symptoms would moderate the relationship between emotion dysregulation and suicide ideation, such that greater symptoms would strengthen the relationship between emotion dysregulation and suicide ideation. Adolescent participants (n = 559, Mage = 15.40, 85.0% […]

    October 4, 2022
    Abstract
    Is the end in the beginning? Child maltreatment increases the risk of non-suicidal self-injury and suicide attempts through impaired personality functioning

    Background Child maltreatment is a risk factor for a range of mental disorders later in life, including dangerous self-harm and suicide attempts. A better understanding of the mechanisms underlying this association can inform prevention and intervention. Objective To investigate personality functioning as a potential mediator of the association of childhood abuse and neglect and self-harm […]

    October 4, 2022
    Abstract
    A rapid review to determine the suicide risk and risk factors of men who are survivors of sexual assault

    This rapid review assessed the suicide risk and risk factors of men who are survivors of sexual assault. We searched three academic databases (Cochrane, Medline and PsycINFO) for peer-reviewed articles in English published between 2010 and 2022. We rated the quality of the evidence based on the National Health and Medical Research Council Levels of […]

    October 4, 2022
    Abstract
    “I was close to helping him but couldn’t quite get there”: Psychiatrists’ experiences of a patient’s death by suicide

    Objectives A patient’s death by suicide is a common experience for psychiatrists, ranging from 33% to 80%, however, research about the impact of patient suicide on psychiatrists is limited to a few survey studies. This study had three main objectives: (1) understanding the emotional and behavioural impact of a patient’s suicide on psychiatrists, (2) exploring […]

    October 4, 2022
    Chapter
    Epidemiology of suicide and suicidal behavior in youth (IN: Youth Suicide Prevention and

    Suicide is the second leading cause of death among youth aged 10–19 years in the United States. Numerous risk factors are associated with suicide and suicidal behavior including individual, family, and social characteristics. Knowledge of the complex interplay of factors contributing to youth suicide is highly relevant to the development of effective prevention strategies.

    October 4, 2022
    Chapter
    Neurobiology of suicide in children and adolescents: Implications for assessment and treatment (IN: Youth Suicide Prevention and Intervention, edited by J.P. Ackerman & L.M. Horowitz)

    Pharmacologic and non-pharmacologic treatment of children and adolescents with suicidal thoughts and behavior have lagged behind the already sparse treatments for suicidal adults, leaving many at-risk youths undertreated. The following is a review of the neurobiological research literature focused on suicide risk in children and adolescents. Topics include the relationship of suicide risk to neuroimaging […]

    October 4, 2022
    Chapter
    Machine learning for suicide prediction and prevention: Advances, challenges, and future directions (IN: Youth Suicide Prevention and Intervention, edited by J.P. Ackerman & L.M. Horowitz)

    This chapter describes the role of machine learning in youth suicide prevention. Following a brief history of suicide prediction, research is reviewed demonstrating that machine learning can enhance suicide prediction beyond traditional clinical and statistical approaches. Strategies for internal and external model evaluation, methods for integrating model results into clinical decision-making processes, and ethical issues […]

    October 4, 2022
    Chapter
    Effective suicide prevention and intervention in schools (IN: Youth Suicide Prevention and Intervention, edited by J.P. Ackerman & L.M. Horowitz)

    Schools are increasingly relied upon to foster students’ social-emotional development and address mental health concerns. Schools can also play an important role in their communities by identifying and responding to youth at risk for suicide. In this chapter, we summarize existing research on suicide prevention in schools, highlight promising programs and practices, and provide recommendations […]

    October 4, 2022
    Chapter
    Implementation and dissemination strategies for school-based suicide prevention programs (IN: Youth Suicide Prevention and Intervention, edited by J.P. Ackerman & L.M. Horowitz)

    There is a growing need for upstream suicide prevention in schools as well as guidance for program implementation that can maximize effectiveness and sustainability. This chapter highlights the benefits of using an implementation science framework to guide partnerships between schools, community partners, and healthcare organizations to enhance youth suicide prevention efforts. Examples illustrating this approach […]

    October 4, 2022
    Chapter
    Understanding suicide bereavement, contagion, and the importance of thoughtful postvention in schools (IN: Youth Suicide Prevention and Intervention, edited by J.P. Ackerman & L.M. Horowitz)

    The rising rates of youth suicide in the USA demand thoughtful evidence-based strategies to help schools and communities recover after a suicide loss has occurred. With this chapter, we review research on the experience of suicide bereavement in adolescence, outline what is known about the potential for suicide to spread through social networks and for […]

    October 4, 2022
    Chapter
    Utilizing suicide risk screening as a prevention technique in pediatric medical settings (IN: Youth Suicide Prevention and Intervention, edited by J.P. Ackerman & L.M. Horowitz)

    Suicide risk screening for youth in medical settings, especially in primary care, is supported and encouraged by The Joint Commission, the American Academy of Pediatrics, and the National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention. Implementing suicide risk screening and assessment with evidence-based tools can enhance feasibility of screening programs without overburdening busy systems of care. This […]

    October 4, 2022
    Chapter
    After screening: A developmentally informed approach to safety planning and stabilization (IN: Youth Suicide Prevention and Intervention, edited by J.P. Ackerman & L.M. Horowitz)

    Although the last several years have been marked by significant advances in intervention efforts for youth suicide prevention, suicide remains the second leading cause of death among this age group in the United States. We discuss promising results from intervention research with the goal of informing policies for enhancing suicide prevention care for youth. Additionally, […]

    October 4, 2022
    Chapter
    Safety planning and lethal means counseling with youth (IN: Youth Suicide Prevention and Intervention, edited by J.P. Ackerman & L.M. Horowitz)

    Lethal means counseling and safety planning (i.e., a written list of individualized coping strategies and sources of support) are empirically supported strategies to prevent suicidal behavior. Both approaches are often prescribed as ways to manage clients’ risk of suicide. However, there is limited guidance on how to effectively implement these strategies with youth. In this […]

    October 4, 2022
    Chapter
    Youth crisis hotlines: Merging best practice suicide prevention with a system of care (IN: Youth Suicide Prevention and Intervention, edited by J.P. Ackerman & L.M. Horowitz)

    In the USA, crisis hotlines, such as the National Suicide Prevention Lifeline, have become a valued resource for individuals experiencing a suicidal crisis. Often staffed by trained counselors, crisis hotlines can provide immediate support and can help to identify a caller’s problem and potential solutions, ensure the caller’s safety, and connect them with appropriate resources. […]

    October 4, 2022
    Chapter
    The cultural theory and model of suicide for youth (IN: Youth Suicide Prevention and Intervention, edited by J.P. Ackerman & L.M. Horowitz)

    This chapter identifies key guidelines and opportunities for the incorporation of cultural considerations into youth suicide prevention, assessment, and intervention. Cultural factors and principles from the Cultural Theory and Model of Suicide (Chu et al., 2010) are extended to ethnic, gender, and sexual minority youth, to identify cultural factors that are more salient or more […]

    October 4, 2022
    Chapter
    Black youth suicidal behavior: What we know and where we go from here (IN: Youth Suicide Prevention and Intervention, edited by J.P. Ackerman & L.M. Horowitz)

    Research concerning Black youth suicide and suicidal behavior is limited, yet the rates of these behaviors continue to rise in this population of youth. In children, 5–12 years, Black youth are two times more likely to die by suicide than their White peers, and suicide attempts among Black adolescents have increased by 73%. Understanding the risk […]

    October 4, 2022
    Chapter
    Suicide and self-harm prevention and intervention in LGBTQIA+ youth: Current research and future directions (IN: Youth Suicide Prevention and Intervention, edited by J.P. Ackerman & L.M. Horowitz)

    Youth who are lesbian, gay, bisexual, queer, and questioning their sexual identities (LGBQ+) and/or who are a gender distinct from their birth-assigned sex (i.e., trans gender and gender diverse), collectively LGBTQIA+, show nearly triple the risk for self-injurious thoughts and behaviors (SITBs), including nonsuicidal self-injury, suicide ideation, and suicide attempts (Marshal et al., 2011). Unfortunately, […]

    October 4, 2022
    Chapter
    Preventing suicide in youth with intellectual and neurodevelopmental disorders: Lessons learned and policy recommendations (IN: Youth Suicide Prevention and Intervention, edited by J.P. Ackerman & L.M. Horowitz)

    Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is a neurodevelopmental disorder characterized by social communication defcits and the presence of repetitive and restricted behaviors. Based on tracking of 8-year-old children within 11  communities in the USA, 1 in 54 children was identifed with ASD in 2016 by the CDC’s Autism and Developmental Disabilities Monitoring (ADDM) Network (Maenner et […]

    October 4, 2022
    Abstract
    Safety planning-type interventions for suicide prevention: Meta-analysis

    Background: Safety planning-type interventions (SPTIs) for patients at risk of suicide are often used in clinical practice, but it is unclear whether these interventions are effective. Aims: This article reports on a meta-analysis of studies that have evaluated the effectiveness of SPTIs in reducing suicidal behaviour and ideation. Method: We searched Medline, EMBASE, PsycINFO, Web […]

    October 4, 2022

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