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Table of Contents
    49794 Resources
    Articles

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    Frequently asked questions about suicide.

    FAQs
    Government Document
    Examining variations in immigrants’ lower risk of suicide-related behaviours

    Using data from the Canadian Community Health Survey (CCHS) and the Canadian Census Health and Environment Cohort (CanCHEC), this article provides an understanding of suicide-related behaviours, namely suicide ideation and completed suicides, among immigrants. Overall, immigrants aged 15 years and older were less likely than their Canadian-born counterparts to report having had suicidal thoughts and […]

    December 1, 2022
    Abstract
    Examining suicide assessment measures for research use: Using item response theory to optimize psychometric assessment for research on suicidal ideation in major depressive disorder

    Introduction Progress reducing suicide death will require randomized clinical trials (RCTs) specifically targeting suicide risk. Even large RCTs may not stipulate suicide death as the primary outcome, as suicide death is relatively uncommon. Therefore, RCTs may need to specify suicidal ideation as a proxy indicator of risk. There is no consensus on the best tool […]

    November 30, 2022
    Abstract
    Effect of helping suicidal people using text messaging: An evaluation of effects and best practices of the Canadian suicide prevention Service’s text helpline

    Background Empirical research on best practices in suicide prevention text intervention is scarce. We present analyses of exchanges concerning suicide on the Canadian Suicide Prevention Service (CSPS) text helpline. Objective To describe the users of the CSPS text service, explore the perceived impact of the service, and identify intervention characteristics associated with a greater likelihood […]

    November 30, 2022
    Abstract
    Syndemic relationship of depressive symptoms, substance use, and suicidality in transgender youth: A cross‑sectional study using the U.S. youth risk behavior surveillance system

    Purpose Syndemics are co-occurring epidemics that cluster within populations due to shared socio-structural factors and are often in populations with intersecting forms of vulnerability. Suicide, depression, and substance use all disproportionately affect transgender and gender diverse (TGD) youth. In this study, we test a syndemic model of the relationship between these three mental health conditions […]

    November 29, 2022
    Abstract
    A systematic review of school-based suicide prevention interventions for adolescents, and intervention and contextual factors in prevention

    Suicide is the fourth leading cause of death among adolescents, globally. Though post-primary, school-based suicide prevention (PSSP) has the potential to be a key strategy for preventing adolescent suicidal thoughts and behaviours (STBs), there are persisting challenges to translating PSSP research to practice. Intervention and contextual factors relevant to PSSP are likely key to both […]

    November 29, 2022
    Abstract
    Characterizing suicide ideation by using mental disorder features on microblogs: A machine learning perspective

    Despite the success of psychological and clinical methods, psychological studies revealed that the number of individuals exhibiting suicide ideation has highly increased in the recent decades. This study explored the potential of using certain sentimental features as a means for characterizing suicide. A total of 54,385 English-language tweets were collected and processed to extract suicide-related […]

    November 29, 2022
    Abstract
    Relationship between suicide attempt and medical morbidity in adolescent girls

    This study assessed whether suicide attempts before 20 years of age were associated with medical morbidity later in life. We carried out a cohort study of 169,806 girls under age 20 years between 1989 and 2019 in Quebec, Canada. The cohort included 8086 girls admitted for suicide attempts, matched on age and year with 161,720 girls with […]

    November 29, 2022
    Abstract
    Prevalence of suicidal behaviours in two Australian general population surveys: Methodological considerations when comparing across studies

    Purpose: To investigate whether methodological differences between two Australian general population surveys have the capacity to affect the apparent prevalence rates of suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. Methods: 609 Wave 1 of the Personality and Total Health (PATH) Through Life Project participants, and 83 participants derived from the 1997 National Survey of Mental Health and Wellbeing (NSMHWB) […]

    November 29, 2022
    Abstract
    Twelve month prevalence of and risk factors for suicide attempts in the WHO World Mental Health Surveys

    Objective: Although suicide is a leading cause of death worldwide, clinicians and researchers lack a data-driven method to assess the risk of suicide attempts. This study reports the results of an analysis of a large cross-national epidemiologic survey database that estimates the 12-month prevalence of suicidal behaviors, identifies risk factors for suicide attempts, and combines […]

    November 29, 2022
    Abstract
    Cognitive flexibility and impulsivity deficits in suicidal adolescents

    Although neurocognitive deficits have been documented in adolescents with suicidal ideation (SI) and suicide attempts (SA), it is unclear whether certain impairments differentiate these groups, potentially suggesting heightened risk for SA. Focus on specific facets of impulsivity and cognitive control may indicate distinctions between adolescents with SA vs. SI. The current study examined dimensions of […]

    November 29, 2022
    Abstract
    Suicide trends among Australian construction workers during years 2001–2019

    In many Western countries, including Australia, construction workers have been identified as being at elevated risk of suicide compared to other workers. A variety of suicide prevention initiatives have been implemented and expanded to reduce suicide in this occupational group; however, the net effect of these is unknown. Using 19 years of national suicide data, this […]

    November 29, 2022
    Abstract
    Suicide-related knowledge among Italian early career psychiatrists and trainees: Results from a cross-sectional survey

    The training of mental health professionals is an important component of suicide-prevention programs. A cross-sectional survey was conducted in different Italian regions to evaluate knowledge of, and attitudes toward, suicide as well as the experience of a patient’s suicide or a suicide attempt in early career psychiatrists (ECPs) and trainees (N = 338). The Suicide […]

    November 29, 2022
    Abstract
    Epidemiological behavior of suicide attempt in Colombian adolescents years 2016-2019: An ecological study

    Objective: Characterize the behavior of attempted suicide in adolescents in Colombia, and its associated epidemiological factors from 2016 to 2019. Method: Quantitative, observational, descriptive, and ecological study. The sample was extracted from the database of the Integrated Social Protection Information System, by identifying cases of attempted suicide for ages in the range from 12 to […]

    November 29, 2022
    Abstract
    A review of literature on suicide and suicidal behavior in medical students

    Many psychiatric disorders have been found to have a surprisingly high prevalence among medical students and residents around the world. This research could shed light on why there is a greater suicide rate among medical students. Our goal is to collect information on suicide rates among medical students all around the world and publish it […]

    November 29, 2022
    Abstract
    Suicide hangings during pre-Covid-19 and Covid-19: Myths debunked for the lower-middle-income group countries

    The psyche about the adverse effects of the Covid-19 pandemic has got fixed to a level of conviction that committing suicide is directly linked to coronavirus infection. The statistics of suicidal hangings for the pre-Covid-19 and the Covid-19 periods were compared in the Indian capital. The data analysis of the autopsy records showed the absence […]

    November 29, 2022
    Government Document
    National suicide prevention strategy

    The Government has long been committed to promoting health and well-being for all. ‘Mental Health Policy 2014’ and ‘Mental Healthcare Act 2017’ provide the much-needed policy and legal framework to fortify efforts to promote mental well-being of the population. These documents have also addressed suicide as a public health issue. They have been instrumental in […]

    November 29, 2022
    Manuscript
    The epidemiology of suicide in Alberta

    Goal: Evidence to optimize suicide prevention. 1. Descriptive Epidemiology (Time, Sex, Age, Geography) 2. Analytic Epidemiology (Other Risk Factors) 3. Prioritizing, Planning and Evaluation (Optimization)

    November 24, 2022
    Abstract
    Suicide risk assessment and safety planning in integrated primary care settings: Recommendations for behavioral health consultants

    Primary care is an important setting for improving identification and treatment of people at risk for suicide. However, there are few standardized protocols for management of suicide risk in primary care. In this paper, we outline evidence-based practice considerations for behavioral health consultants (BHCs) tasked with conducting suicide risk assessments and safety planning interventions in […]

    November 24, 2022
    Thesis
    Predicting death by suicide with administrative health care system data

    Quantifying suicide risk with risk scales is common in clinical practice, but the performance of risk scales has been shown to be limited. Prediction models have been developed to quantify suicide risk and have been  shown to outperform risk scales, but these models have not been commonly adopted in clinical practice. The original research presented […]

    November 24, 2022
    Abstract
    Predicting death by suicide using administrative health care system data: Can recurrent neural network, one-dimensional convolutional neural network, and gradient boosted trees models improve prediction performance?

    Background Suicide is a leading cause of death, particularly in younger persons, and this results in tremendous years of life lost. Objective To compare the performance of recurrent neural networks, one-dimensional convolutional neural networks, and gradient boosted trees, with logistic regression and feedforward neural networks. Methods The modeling dataset contained 3548 persons that died by […]

    November 24, 2022
    Abstract
    Treatment of childhood traumatic grief

    Childhood traumatic grief (CTG) is a condition in which trauma symptoms impinge on children’s ability to negotiate the normal grieving process. Clinical characteristics of CTG and their implications for treatment are discussed, and data from a small number of open-treatment studies of traumatically bereaved children are reviewed. An empirically derived treatment model for CTG is […]

    November 23, 2022
    Manuscript
    Taking the next step forward: Building a responsive mental health and addictions system for emerging adults

    Taking the Next Step Forward: Building a Responsive Mental Health and Addictions System for Emerging Adults is a report produced by researchers from the Children’s Hospital of Eastern Ontario (CHEO) for the  MHCC’s Knowledge Exchange Centre (KEC).1 It considers the current state of Canadian and international policies and programs that support youth with mental health […]

    November 23, 2022
    Manuscript
    Campus mental health strategy: Creating a community of caring

    The University of Calgary struck a Mental Health Task Force in late 2014 to develop a comprehensive strategy on mental health. A healthy settings approach, which has its roots in the World Health Organization  Health for All strategy, was used as a framework to develop recommendations. The healthy settings approach recognizes how the culture, structure […]

    November 23, 2022

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