Towards a health and sustainable practice of law in Canada: Phase 1 2020-2022 research report

National Study on the Psychological Health Determinants of Legal Professionals in Canada This study was carried out through a partnership between the Université de Sherbrooke, the Federation of Law Societies of Canada and the Canadian Bar Association, as well as with the  mobilization of the law societies of Canada and the Chambre des notaires du […]

Psychosocial job stressors and risk of suicidal behavior: An observational study among Swedish men

Objective This study aimed to explore the relationship between psychosocial job stressors and suicidal behavior (fatal and non-fatal) among Swedish men while controlling for potential confounders. Methods Population-based Swedish longitudinal cohort study of male conscripts without previous self-harm (N=1 483 310) enlisting 1968–2002. Conscription examinations included measures of IQ, stress resilience and psychiatric diagnoses. Job demand–control (JDC) […]

Mental health promotion and suicide prevention in the workplace: Policy and response recommendations to help employers positively impact workers and the work environment

In the United States, roughly 50,000 people die by suicide each year, most of whom are of working age. According to the Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMHSA), one in  five adult Americans lives with a mental health condition every year. While rates for diagnosed mental health conditions vary by demographic, conditions like […]

Work expectations, depressive symptoms, and passive suicidal ideation among older adults: Evidence from the health and retirement study

Background and objectives: Employment and work transitions (e.g., retirement) influence mental health. However, how psychosocial contexts such as anticipation and uncertainty about work transitions, irrespective of the transitions themselves, relate to mental health is unclear. This study examined the relationships of work expectations with depressive symptoms, major depression episodes (MDE), and passive suicidal ideation over a […]

The health-related quality of life, work productivity, healthcare resource utilization, and economic burden associated with levels of suicidal ideation among patients self-reporting moderately severe or severe major depressive disorder in a national survey

Background: Suicidal ideation (SI) is a cardinal aspect of major depressive disorder (MDD); however, patient-reported outcomes data from large-scale surveys are limited concerning SI in the context of MDD. This study aims to understand the association between varying levels of SI and health-related quality of life (HRQoL), work productivity, healthcare resource utilization (HRU), and associated costs […]

Workplace bullying and risk of suicide and suicide attempts: A register-based prospective cohort study of 98 330 participants in Denmark

Objectives: The aim of this study was to analyze whether individuals reporting exposure to workplace bullying had a higher risk of suicidal behavior, including both suicide attempt and death by suicide, than those not reporting such exposure. Methods: Using a prospective cohort study design, we linked data from nine Danish questionnaire-based surveys (2004–2014) to national […]

Workplace as safe haven: How managers can mitigate risk for employee suicide

This article emphasizes the role that managers can play in mitigating risk for suicidal behavior among employees. The literature has long established a relationship between negative workplace conditions and psychological difficulties, such as depressive disorders and suicidal behavior. Based upon a review of these studies, as well as consideration of best practices in suicide prevention, […]

What employers need to know about suicide prevention

What should organizations do to help prevent suicide among its employees — and to help support suicide survivors after the death of a coworker? Research suggest first leaders and managers must recognize the workplace predictors of suicide. Then, create a respectful and inclusive work environment, learn to identify employees who might be at risk, and create […]

Initiatives addressing precarious employment and its effects on workers’ health and well-being: A protocol for a systematic review

Background Precarious employment is a significant determinant of population health and health inequities and has complex public health consequences both for a given nation and internationally. Precarious employment is conceptualized as a multi-dimensional construct including but not limited to employment insecurity, income inadequacy, and lack of rights and protection in the employment relation, which could […]

Perceptions of occupational medicine specialists on suicide prevention in the workplace

Suicide rates have taken on alarming dimensions with catastrophic consequences. This study aims to understand the perceptions of occupational medicine specialists about suicide prevention and describe what actions work organizations are taking to prevent suicide among their workers. This is an exploratory, cross-sectional, descriptive, quantitative study, carried out with 24 occupational medicine specialists with experience […]

Work and suicide: An interdisciplinary systematic literature review

Although organizational scholars have long been interested in employees’ well‐being and occupational health, less work has focused specifically on suicide behaviors among employees. This dearth of research is concerning given that individuals spend a significant portion of their waking hours at work, and suicide deaths among American workers are on the rise. To encourage the […]

Building mental health into operations during a pandemic: Guidelines to support employers through COVID-19

These guidelines were inspired by the need that many organizations have been facing, to ensure that employers and workers have the right tools in place to protect the mental health of workers in unexpected or uncertain times. While these guidelines are focused on the COVID-19 pandemic, they can also be applied in any emergency situation. […]

Suicide prevention in the workplace

Increased stress, anxiety and depression are all side-effects of the COVID-19 pandemic. For some people, this translates to feelings of hopelessness, despair, or even suicidal thoughts. We need to have meaningful conversations in the workplace about suicide, to provide support and resources, and to bring hope to someone who may be struggling with the thought […]

Initial validation of the suicide competency assessment form among behavioral health staff in the National Health Services Trust

The Suicide Competency Assessment Form (SCAF) provides a framework for suicide prevention skills training. This study assessed SCAF psychometric properties in a sample of behavioral health staff. A cross-sectional survey of National Health Services (NHS) staff from varying disciplines (N = 170) was conducted. The SCAF yielded a 1-factor structure with high internal consistency. Nursing […]

Suicide prevention toolkit: Resources for workplaces

Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, people were spending as much as 60% of their waking hours at their workplace (Canadian Association for Suicide Prevention, 2016). Despite all the flexible work arrangements (e.g., work from home), many people still spend a significant portion of their day performing the duties and functions of their employment. As a […]

Work related sexual harassment and risk of suicide and suicide attempts: Prospective cohort study

Objective To analyse the relation between exposure to workplace sexual harassment and suicide, as well as suicide attempts. Design Prospective cohort study. Setting Sweden. Participants 86 451 men and women of working age in paid work across different occupations responded to a self-report questionnaire including exposure to work related sexual harassment between 1995 and 2013. The analytical sample included 85 205 […]

Suicide, overdose and worker exit in a cohort of Michigan autoworkers

Background In recent decades, suicide and fatal overdose rates have increased in the US, particularly for working-age adults with no college education. The coincident decline in manufacturing has limited stable employment options for this population. Erosion of the Michigan automobile industry provides a striking case study. Methods We used individual-level data from a retrospective cohort study of […]

Workplace suicide prevention & postvention: The EAP role

A document of the presentation given on workplace suicide prevention at the 2019 EAPA conference in St. Louis.

Indicators of a thriving workplace survey: 2019 national report

Within this report, you’ll find an overview of the 40 scientifically-validated indicators which are known to be optimal for worker mental health and business success. The indicators cover the five key domains of thriving workplaces: leadership, connectedness, policy, capability and culture.

Association of long working hours with accidents and suicide mortality in Korea

Objectives The deleterious health effects of long working hours have been previously investigated, but there is a dearth of studies on mortality resulting from accidents or suicide. This prospective study aims to examine the association between working hours and external-cause mortality (accidents and suicide) in Korea, a country with some of the longest working hours […]

A report of findings to direct the development of national guidelines for workplace suicide prevention

In 2010, the National Action Alliance for Suicide Prevention established a Workplace Task Force to assist with the implementation of the National Strategy for Suicide Prevention [1]. In 2017, this task force forged a collaborative partnership with the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention and United Suicide Survivors International to develop this nation’s first set of […]

Workplace bullying and suicidal ideation: A 3-wave longitudinal Norwegian study

OBJECTIVES: We examined whether victimization from bullying is related to an increased risk of suicidal ideation over time and whether suicidal ideation is related to subsequent bullying. METHODS: In a longitudinal study (2005-2010), we used well-established single-item measures to assess victimization from bullying and suicidal ideation. We used latent Markov models to determine forward and […]

Workplace bullying and the association with suicidal ideation/thoughts and behaviour: A systematic review

Objectives: The established links between workplace bullying and poor mental health provide a prima facie reason to expect that workplace bullying increases the risk of suicidal ideation (thoughts) and behaviours. To date there has been no systematic summary of the available evidence. This systematic review summarises published studies reporting data on both workplace bullying and […]