The uncounted casualties of war: Suicide in combat veterans

Military conflicts are ubiquitous. There are a lot of combat veterans around the world. Suicidality in combat veterans is a large and important issue. In this article, the author discusses some aspects of this issue. The combat environment is characterized by violence, physical strains, separation from loved ones, and other hardships. Combat deployment may lead […]

Suicidal ideation and attempts among high school students of war-affected area at Woldia town, Northeast, Ethiopia, 2022

Background: Suicidal ideation and attempts usually occur during adolescence time, and living in war- affected area make the problem more predominate and severe. To the best of our knowledge, there were no studies done among high school students who live in war affected areas in Ethiopia. Objective: We assessed the prevalence and factors associated with suicide ideation […]

Suicide in Bosnia and Herzegovina and the city of Sarajevo: With special reference to ethnicity

Background: Besides the war experience (1992–1995), Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH) constitutes an interesting area for studies on suicidal behavior from an ethnic and religious perspective with its mixed ethnic population of Bosniaks, Serbs, and Croats. Aims: The study investigates suicide in BiH and the capital city of Sarajevo before (1985–1991) and after the war (1998–2006), […]

Prevalence and risk factors of attempted suicide in adult war-affected population of eastern Uganda

Background: There is conflicting evidence on the relationship between war trauma and suicidal behavior. Some studies point to an increased risk of suicidal behavior while others do not, with a paucity of such data from sub-Saharan Africa. Aims: To investigate the prevalence and risk factors of attempted suicide in war-affected Eastern Uganda. Method: A cross-sectional survey was carried […]

Early adolescence and suicidal ideations in Croatia: Sociodemographic, behavioral, and psychometric correlates

Background/aims: Suicidal ideations (SI) indicate and predict psychological distress. We examined the prevalence of SI among early adolescents and its association with parental war participation, personal, behavioral, and sociodemographic characteristics. Methods: We performed a cross-sectional questionnaire study on 803 12-year-old adolescents. Data were collected using a sociodemographic questionnaire, the Junior Eysenck Personality Questionnaire and Children Depression Inventory. […]

Child and adolescent suicides in Bosnia and Herzegovina before and after the war (1992-1995)

Background: Evidence on youth suicides from Southeastern Europe is scarce. We are not aware of previous reports from Bosnia and Herzegovina, which experienced war from 1992 to 1995. Durkheim’s theory of suicide predicts decreased suicide rates in wartime and increased rates afterward. Aims: To compare child and adolescent suicides in Bosnia and Herzegovina before and after the […]

Evaluation of suicide among Iranian ex-prisoners of war in Iraq detention camps (1980-90)

Background: Prisoners of war (POWs) are usually at risk of suicide due to problems such as torture, social and emotional deprivation, etc. The present study aimed to investigate suicide cases among Iranian prisoners of war (POWs) over ten years of their presence in the camps in Iraq (1980-1990). Methods: Data required in this study were collected in […]

Warzone experiences and subsequent clinician suicide risk assessment in veterans

Objective To determine in veterans whether severity of combat exposure was predictive of subsequently receiving a suicide risk assessment (SRA), and whether this relationship was meditated by depression symptomatology. Method We conducted an electronic medical records review for SRA ratings of 486 veterans who had completed Combat Exposure Scale (CES) and Beck Depression Inventory-II (BDI-II) […]

The double-edged sword: Outward and inward directed aggression among war combatants.

Inspired by the two-stage model of countervailing forces, we explored the mechanism underlining inward and outward aggression among ex-combatants. Israeli veterans (N = 230) reported their partner’s violence (outward aggression), suicidal ideation (inward aggression), aggressive impulses, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), paranoid ideation and guilt. Suicidal ideation was related to aggressive impulses only in the presence of PTSD, […]

Exposure to genocide and risk of suicide in Rwanda: A population-based case-control study.

In Rwanda, an estimated one million people were killed during the 1994 genocide, leaving the country shattered and social fabric destroyed. Large-scale traumatic events such as wars and genocides have been linked to endemic post-traumatic stress disorder, depression and suicidality. The study objective was to investigate whether the 1994 genocide exposure is associated with suicide […]

Suicide mortality at time of armed conflict in Ukraine.

The purpose of this review is to explore the dynamics of suicide mortality rates in Ukraine during an ongoing armed conflict between 2014 and 2015. Suicide mortality data were obtained by reviewing annual analytical releases from the State Service for Emergent Situations of Ukraine and annual release of Russian Federal Service of State Statistics. Suicide […]

Suicide among the armed forces: Understanding the cost of suicide.


War and first onset of suicidality: the role of mental disorders.


Suicide and war: the mediating effects of negative mood, posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, and social support among army national guard soldiers.

The mediating effects of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, negative mood, and social support on the relationship of war experiences to suicidality were examined. The research literature suggested a sequence among study scales representing these constructs, which was then tested on survey data obtained from a sample of National Guard soldiers (N = 4,546). Results […]

Military veteran mortality following a survived suicide attempt.


Suicidal Ideation, Post-Traumatic Stress and Suicide Statistics in Kosovo

This study, based on a representative sample of 1161 subjects in Kosovo, assessed war related experiences & posttraumatic stress disorder symptomatology. Irrespective of age, gender, or education, subjects in rural areas had high suicide ideation scores. Unemployment & high posttraumatic stress disorder scores were associated with suicide ideation scores. It is concluded suicide ideation, linked […]

Suicide Rate After the 1991-1995 war in Southwestern Croatia


Viewing the Body After Bereavement due to a Traumatic Death: Qualitative Study in the UK

This analysis of narrative interviews with 80 bereaved individuals interprets their accounts of why & how they decided whether to view the body & their emotional reactions to this, immediately & at a later stage. Half of the sample had been bereaved by suicide. Decisions about seeing the body varied. Viewing the body brought home […]

Cross-National Analysis of the Associations Between Traumatic Events and Suicidal Behavior: Findings From the WHO World Mental Health Surveys

Data on trauma exposure & subsequent first onset of suicidal behaviour were collected via structured interviews conducted in the households of 102,245 respondents in 21 countries. Bivariate & multivariate survival models tested the relationship between the type & number of traumatic events & subsequent suicidal behaviour. Sexual & interpersonal violence showed the strongest effects. A […]

WHO Report Shows Public Health Impact of Violence


World War II Survivors: Lessons in Resilience

What keeps people functioning under conditions of extreme duress? This book presents the stories of 41 individuals who survived the combat of World War II & emerged well-adjusted.

The High Burden of Injuries in South Africa

This study estimated the magnitude & characteristics of the injury burden in South Africa within a global context. The Acturial Society of South Africa demographic & AIDS model – calibrated to survey, census, & adjusted vital registration data – was used to calculate the total number of deaths in 2000. Suicide rates were higher than […]

The Aging of Holocaust Survivors: Myth and Reality Concerning Suicide

Published reports on suicide & the Holocaust identified by means of a Medline literature search were reviewed. A similar search was performed on the Internet using the Google search engine. 13 studies were found, 9 of which addressed the association of suicide & the Holocaust experience. 4 focussed on suicide in the concentration camps during […]