Inspired by the two-stage model of countervailing forces, we explored the mechanism underlining inward and outward aggression among ex-combatants. Israeli veterans (N = 230) reported their partner’s violence (outward aggression), suicidal ideation (inward aggression), aggressive impulses, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD), paranoid ideation and guilt. Suicidal ideation was related to aggressive impulses only in the presence of PTSD, […]
In Rwanda, an estimated one million people were killed during the 1994 genocide, leaving the country shattered and social fabric destroyed. Large-scale traumatic events such as wars and genocides have been linked to endemic post-traumatic stress disorder, depression and suicidality. The study objective was to investigate whether the 1994 genocide exposure is associated with suicide […]
The purpose of this review is to explore the dynamics of suicide mortality rates in Ukraine during an ongoing armed conflict between 2014 and 2015. Suicide mortality data were obtained by reviewing annual analytical releases from the State Service for Emergent Situations of Ukraine and annual release of Russian Federal Service of State Statistics. Suicide […]
Suicide and war: the mediating effects of negative mood, posttraumatic stress disorder symptoms, and social support among army national guard soldiers.
The mediating effects of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms, negative mood, and social support on the relationship of war experiences to suicidality were examined. The research literature suggested a sequence among study scales representing these constructs, which was then tested on survey data obtained from a sample of National Guard soldiers (N = 4,546). Results […]
This study, based on a representative sample of 1161 subjects in Kosovo, assessed war related experiences & posttraumatic stress disorder symptomatology. Irrespective of age, gender, or education, subjects in rural areas had high suicide ideation scores. Unemployment & high posttraumatic stress disorder scores were associated with suicide ideation scores. It is concluded suicide ideation, linked […]
This analysis of narrative interviews with 80 bereaved individuals interprets their accounts of why & how they decided whether to view the body & their emotional reactions to this, immediately & at a later stage. Half of the sample had been bereaved by suicide. Decisions about seeing the body varied. Viewing the body brought home […]
Cross-National Analysis of the Associations Between Traumatic Events and Suicidal Behavior: Findings From the WHO World Mental Health Surveys
Data on trauma exposure & subsequent first onset of suicidal behaviour were collected via structured interviews conducted in the households of 102,245 respondents in 21 countries. Bivariate & multivariate survival models tested the relationship between the type & number of traumatic events & subsequent suicidal behaviour. Sexual & interpersonal violence showed the strongest effects. A […]
What keeps people functioning under conditions of extreme duress? This book presents the stories of 41 individuals who survived the combat of World War II & emerged well-adjusted.
Published reports on suicide & the Holocaust identified by means of a Medline literature search were reviewed. A similar search was performed on the Internet using the Google search engine. 13 studies were found, 9 of which addressed the association of suicide & the Holocaust experience. 4 focussed on suicide in the concentration camps during […]
This study estimated the magnitude & characteristics of the injury burden in South Africa within a global context. The Acturial Society of South Africa demographic & AIDS model – calibrated to survey, census, & adjusted vital registration data – was used to calculate the total number of deaths in 2000. Suicide rates were higher than […]
The author discusses suicides which occurred in Germany at the end of World War II. He states the motivations of individuals dying by suicide were various & multi-faceted but what they had in common was a general feeling of insecurity & the lack of a future perspective. This article focuses on contemporary representations of suicide […]
Contrary to Durkheim’s theory of suicide during wartime, the Netherlands had high suicide rates in 1940 & 1945. To explain these findings, the authors propose the social integration theory, according to which, people who expect to be excluded from society are more likely to die by suicide. This idea is examined using individual-level data on […]
This article re-examines Jewish responses towards Nazi racism by studying suicides among German Jews. The author’s purpose is two-fold: first, asking what motivated these suicides & secondly, how far, if at all, Jewish suicides can be considered a form of resistance towards Nazism & to what extent they were acts of despair & hopelessness. (129 […]
In France from 1850 to 1913, during periods of war the suicide rates were lower than during periods of peace, while the military participation rate was positively associated with the suicide rate.