This paper compares the value per statistical life (VSL) in the context of suicide prevention to that of prevention of traffic fatalities. We conducted a contingent valuation survey with questions on willingness to pay (WTP) in both contexts by administering a web questionnaire to 1038 individuals aged 18 to 80. We conjectured that WTP for a […]
This in-depth study of why aging in America is considered a “problem” scrutinizes how our values and ethics have shaped attitudes, behaviors and service provisions to older persons. It is demonstrated that the kinds of lives open to older persons in contemporary society are less determined by biological, psychological and social factors than they are […]
Values as moderators of the association between interpersonal-psychological constructs and suicidal ideation among veterans.
Journal held in CSP Library.
The interpretation of suicide involves theories from many disciplines, and the strain theory of suicide is a socialÐpsychological model that attempts to account for this complicated behavior. We have earlier explored the presence of psychological strains in a number of diverse samples of suicides and in the present study, we identified the strains experienced throughout […]
The Suicide of Ajax: a Note on Occupational Strain as a Neglected Factor in Suicidology (IN: Suicide and the Creative Arts, edited by S Stack & D Lester)
This chapter illustrates the utility of applying insights from one of the oldest surviving portrayals of suicide in art, that of the Greek warrior Ajax. It tests a hypothesis, based on this case, that occupational strain contributes to suicide risk. Analysis is based on data from 15,739 psychological autopsies done in the contemporary United States. […]
This article examines discourse about Internet addictions & video game-related suicide in China. Through an analysis of media reports, interview transcripts, & chat rooms, a preliminary account of the origins of contemporary Chinese concerns with Internet addiction is provided. The study approach draws on anthropological & sociological models of the cultural constructions of social problems […]
This research has content-analyzed 40 suicide notes (20 by those who died by suicide & 20 by suicide attempters) & found strong support for the strain theory of suicide. Although little difference is found in the number & pattern of strains between the completers & attempters, both groups have many aspirations & coping strains & […]
This article reviews the literature on suicide bombing. It addresss the question of just how much a psychological understandng of the individuals involved can aid in prevention. Historical, epidemiological, & cultural perspectives are examined & the nonpsychological & psychological approaches to suicide bombing are compared. On the basis of the material available, it seems social […]
This letter comments upon an article by Grimland et al (2006) on suicide bombing. Haddad & Lewerenz state the article began objectively enough but then became skewed toward the Western perspective of this phenomenon & thus is lacking in a full discourse of the issues.
Gender and Cultural Patterns of Suicidal Behavior: Young Hindustani Immigrant Women in The Netherlands
This article explores multi-disciplinary explanations for suicidal behaviour among young Hindustani immigrant women in the Netherlands. It is suggested young Hindustani women who display suicidal behaviour possess certain personality & cognitive constellations that are interlocked with specific parenting styles in stressful family environments. These families are embedded in a context of moral transformations & may […]
Doctors Must not Kill (IN: Euthanasia: the Good of the Patient, the Good of Society, ed. by R I Misbin)
This paper addresses some of the generalized theories explaining rising suicide rates in Ireland. The conclusion here is that linking suicide patterns to changing beliefs and values is problematic. Church attendance as well as adherence to traditional values remain high in this country compared to European levels, and variations in beliefs and values, especially rural/urban […]
The first part of this article introduces & reviews American legislation & judical rulings regarding assisted suicide & euthanasia. The second part provides a detailed examination of judicial rulings from the states of Washington & New York & the Supreme Court. The third through seventh sections offer arguments from the perspectives of history, fairness, autonomy, […]
Forming Judgement of Attitude Certainty, Intensity, and Importance: the Role of Subjective Experiences
This study examined the impact of subjective experiences on reports of attitude certainty, intensity, & importance. Participants with moderate or extreme attitudes toward doctor-assisted suicide generated 3 (easy) & 7 (hard) argument that either supported or countered their opinion toward the issue prior to indicating the strength of their attitude. Participants with moderate attitudes rated […]
The author considers the acceptability of paternalistic restrictions on suicide, & examines the theoretical background underlying several liberal attempts at formulating a paternalistic principle.
The author considers R Dworkin’s argument in “The Philosopher’s Brief on Assisted Suicide,” which claims that the distinction between killing & letting die is morally irrelevant, & the distinction between intending & foreseeing death can be morally relevant but is not always so. The author argues that the killing/letting die distinction can be relevant in […]
This article is the author’s response to the question: Does Judaism ever sanction suicide & may a physician or any other third party facilitate this process? The author argues that taking one’s life is considered to be morally wrong in Judaism, & that the preservation of life is regarded as a cardinal value in Jewish […]
This article endeavors to analyze physician-assisted suicide through the prism of Jewish law. Part I of this article provides a brief introduction to Jewish law, including Jewish law perspectives on the meaning of death, personal autonomy, & the distinction between passive & active conduct. Part II examines particular Jewish law principles relevant to physician-assisted suicide […]