Suicide risk and prevention among U.S. Military veterans: A topical review

Veterans are a group at increased risk for death by suicide. Veteran suicide is a complex multidetermined behavior, and preventing suicide among Veterans requires community collaboration and partnership to grow awareness, reduce stigma, and increase access to suicide prevention resources. This article discusses current theories of suicide including Joiner’s (2005) Interpersonal Theory of Suicide and […]

Predicting suicidal ideation among Native American high schoolers in California

Suicide is the leading cause of non-accidental death for Native American young people ages 15-24 years old. Concerningly, suicide rates have continued to rise over the past decade despite a myriad of prevention efforts. This shortcoming has urged some scholars to (re)examine key theoretical constructs to better direct suicide prevention efforts in tribal communities. Using […]

U.S. gun violence in 2021: An accounting of a public health crisis

Gun violence is an ongoing public health crisis in the United States that impacts the health and wellbeing of all of us. In 2020, during the first year of the COVID-19 pandemic, the U.S. experienced an unprecedented spike in gun homicides. Many believed that this spike would be short-lived; levels of gun violence would subside […]

Detangling the association between traumatic brain injury, mental health, and suicide in active duty service members

Suicide in the military represents a significant and multifaceted problem, with complex and interdependent factors contributing to its occurrence. Disentangling the intricate temporal associations between suicide and its numerous risk factors poses a significant challenge. Of the purported risk factors, traumatic brain injury (TBI) has received special focus, given its unfortunate status as the signature […]

Suicide in state prisons in the United States: Highlighting gaps in data

Objectives: Our objectives were to document data availability and reporting on suicide mortality in state prison systems. The United States leads the world in mass incarceration, a structural determinant of health, but lacks real-time reporting of prison health statistics. This absence is particularly notable in suicides, a leading cause of death that carceral policies play […]

Trends in mortality from poisonings, firearms, and all other injuries by intent in the US, 1999-2020

Importance: Although deaths due to external causes are a leading cause of mortality in the US, trends over time by intent and demographic characteristics remain poorly understood. Objective: To examine national trends in mortality rates due to external causes from 1999 to 2020 by intent (homicide, suicide, unintentional, and undetermined) and demographic characteristics. External causes were defined […]

Comparison of suicide rates among US veteran and nonveteran populations

Introduction The US Department of Veterans Affairs (VA) estimates that between 2017 and 2020 veteran suicide rates were 1.57 to 1.66 times greater than nonveterans in the US, after adjusting for age and sex differences.1 This finding does not mean that veteran suicide rates are 1.57 to 1.66 times greater than nonveterans with the same age […]

The state of state, territorial, and tribal suicide prevention: Findings from key informant interviews and qualitative web-based survey questions

Given the rise in suicide rates between 1999 and 2016, 33 CDC sought to conduct an environmental scan of suicide prevention infrastructure and activities across states, territories, and tribes in order to better understand the strengths and opportunities for improvement. This report presents an overview of the suicide prevention landscape across multiple domains, depicts a […]

2023 U.S. National Survey on the mental health of LGBTQ young people

The Trevor Project’s 2023 U.S. National Survey on the Mental Health of LGBTQ Young People amplifies the experiences of more than 28,000 LGBTQ young people ages 13 to 24 across the United States. This survey gives a voice to LGBTQ young people — at a time when their existence is unfairly at the center of […]

Screening for depression, anxiety, and suicide risk in adults: A systematic evidence review for the U.S Preventative Services Task Force

Objective: To review the benefits and harms of screening and treatment for depression, anxiety, and suicide risk, and the accuracy of instruments to detect these conditions among primary care patients. Data Sources: MEDLINE, PsychINFO, the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials (CENTRAL), the Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews through September 9, 2022, bridging from prior […]

The validity of a brief risk assessment tool for predicting suicidal behavior in veterans utilizing VHA mental health care

Suicide risk among military veterans is an important and ongoing concern. The Veterans Administration (VA) mandates suicide risk screening of all veterans seen for mental health issues, but little is known about the effectiveness of this screening. A retrospective chart review to examine all suicide risk screens at VA San Diego between October and December […]

Measuring associations of the department of Veterans Affairs’ suicide prevention campaign on the use of crisis support services

Campaigns have become popular in public health approaches to suicide prevention; however, limited empirical investigation of their impact on behavior has been conducted. To address this gap, utilization patterns of crisis support services associated with the Department of Veterans Affairs’ Veterans Crisis Line (VCL) suicide prevention campaign were examined. Daily call data for the National […]

Comparison of suicide attempters and decedents in the U.S Army: A latent class analysis

A clearer understanding of risk factors for suicidal behavior among soldiers is of principal importance to military suicide prevention. It is unclear whether soldiers who attempt suicide and those who die by suicide have different patterns of risk factors. As such, preventive efforts aimed toward reducing suicide attempts and suicides, respectively, may require different strategies. […]

Suicide and homicide death rates among youth and young adults aged 10-24: United States, 2001-2021

Deaths due to suicide and homicide, often referred to collectively as violent deaths, have been a leading cause of premature death to people aged 10–24 in the United States (1–3). A previous version of this report with data through 2017  showed that suicide and homicide rates for people aged 10–24 were trending upward (4). This […]

2022 National Veteran Suicide Prevention annual report

The 2022 National Veteran Suicide Prevention Annual Report analyzes Veteran suicide data from 2001-2020. Containing the most comprehensive set of data about Veteran suicide mortality to date, the report is the first to evaluate Veteran suicide during the initial period of the COVID-19 pandemic. Key report findings In 2020, there were 6,146 Veteran suicide deaths, which was […]

Suicidal thoughts and behaviors among high school students: Youth Risk Behavior Survey, United States, 2021

Suicide is the third leading cause of death among high school-aged youths aged 14–18 years. The 2021 suicide rate for this age group was 9.0 per 100,000 population. Updating a previous analysis of the Youth Risk Behavior Survey during 2009–2019, this report uses 2019 and 2021 data to examine high school students’ reports of suicidal […]

Suicide mortality in the United States, 2001-2021

In 2021, suicide was the 11th leading cause of death in the United States, changing from the 10th leading cause in 2019 and the 12th leading cause in 2020 (1). As the second leading cause of death in people aged 10–34 and the fifth in people aged 35–54, suicide contributes to premature mortality (1). After […]

Preventing suicide in the U.S. Military: Recommendations from the Suicide Prevention and Response Independent Review Committee

The Department of Defense has taken note of the SPRIRC’s work and will use it to enhance their current approach in three key priority areas. These areas include fostering quality of life, building healthy climates and cultures, addressing stigma as a barrier to help-seeking, and promoting a culture of lethal means safety. The SPRIRC report […]

Our epidemic of loneliness and isolation 2023: The U.S. Surgeon General’s Advisory on the healing effects of social connection and community

Introduction: Why Social Connection Matters Our relationships and interactions with family, friends, colleagues, and neighbors are just some of what create social connection. Our connection with others and our community is also informed by our neighborhoods,  digital environments, schools, and workplaces. Social connection—the structure, function, and quality of our relationships with others—is a critical and […]

Health, United States, 2020–2021: Annual perspective

The Health, United States program provides a wide array of trends in health statistics to policymakers, public health professionals, and the public. As part of the program’s legislative mandate, Health, United States is  charged with presenting a comprehensive set of health topics, and examining trends in health status and determinants, healthcare utilization, healthcare resources, and […]

A systems science approach to identifying data gaps in national data sources on adolescent suicidal ideation and suicide attempt in the United States

Background Suicide is currently the second leading cause of death among adolescents ages 10–14, and third leading cause of death among adolescents ages 15–19 in the United States (U.S). Although we have numerous U.S. based surveillance systems and survey data sources, the coverage offered by these data with regard to the complexity of youth suicide […]

Emergency department visits involving mental health conditions, suicide-related behaviors, and drug overdoses among adolescents: United States, January 2019-February 2023

What is already known about this topic? High baseline rates of poor adolescent mental and behavioral health were exacerbated by the COVID-19 pandemic. What is added by this report? By fall 2022, weekly ED visits among adolescents, and females in particular, for mental health conditions overall, suicide-related behaviors, and drug overdoses decreased compared with those […]

Pain in the nation: The epidemics of alcohol, drug, and suicide deaths

Deaths from alcohol, drugs, and suicide in the United States have risen alarmingly over the past two decades and exponentially in recent years. Between 2011 and 2021, annual deaths have more than doubled—rising from  an already startling figure of 104,379 deaths in 2011 to a staggering 209,225 deaths in 2021.1 Most of that increase was […]