Suicide trends and prevention in rural Pennsylvania counties and schools

Key Findings: • Suicide rates in Pennsylvania increased substantially from 1999 to 2018. • In 2018, the suicide rate in rural counties was 25 percent higher than the rate in urban counties. • Among rural and urban counties, there is substantial variation in suicide rates. • Higher numbers of handgun sales per 1,000 residents, lower […]

Seasonal Differences in Suicide Birth Rate in Alaska Natives Compared to Other Populations

Seasonal differences in suicide birth rates among Alaska Natives & for populations at different latitudes (resident of the Yukon, Saskatchewan, Montana, Wyoming, & Pennsylvania) were investigated. Seasonal birth rates for the general population were similarly examined. Suicide birth rates showed small seasonal variations for Alaska Natives with summer births showing more suicides. However, at lower […]

Similar Effects of Glycine, Zinc and an Oxidizing Agent on 3Hdizocilpine Binding to the N-methyl-D-aspartate Receptor in Neocortical Tissue From Suicide Victims and Controls

This study used 3Hdizocilpine (MK-801) binding to the N-methyl-D-aspartate (NMDA) receptor to examine glycine, redox, & zinc modulatory sites in membranes derived from the frontal & parietal cortex of 8 control subjects & 6 suicide victims. 3Hdizocilpine binding in the presence of glutamate & glutamate plus glycine was similar in both groups. The sulphydryl redox […]

Are High-Lethality Suicide Attempters With Bipolar Disorder a Distinct Phenotype?

Bipolar patients were classified as high- or low-lethality attempters. High-lethality attempts required inpatient medical treatment. Mixed effects logistic regression models & permutation analyses examined correlations between lethality, number, & order of attempts. High-lethality attempters reported greater suicidal intent & more previous attempts. Multiple attempters showed no pattern of incremental lethality increase with subsequent attempts, but […]

Attempted Suicide and Self-Injury in Patients Diagnosed With Eating Disorders

This study investigated factors associated with suicidal behaviour in eating disorder patients. 150 patients at an outpatient clinic were included & data were gathered by retrospective chart analysis. 48 patients had a history of parasuicide. A significantly greater percentage of parasuicidal patients than nonparasuicidal patients had eating disorders with bingeing/purging symptomatology, used more than one […]

Characteristics Identified Among CMHC Patients Committing Suicide Between 1970-1977 and Control Group Still in Treatment: Progress Report of Longitudinal Study

This presentation provided a progress report on a 3-phase longitudinal study of suicide among patients still in treatment in Pennsylvania. Results represent findings from the completion of Phase I & test results from Phase II. Results of the second phase indicate different patterns by gender that may hold promise of identifiers of suicide risk in […]

Substance use Disorders and Suicide Attempts in Bipolar Subtypes

~

Depression, Anxiety and Quality of Life in Suicide Survivors: a Comparison of Close and Distant Relationships

~

Suicide Prevention in Delaware County: an Action Plan for 2009-2011

This document presents an action plan for suicide prevention & postvention in Delaware County, Pennsylvania. The plan will develop broad-based county-wide support for suicide prevention; promote awareness & education that suicide is a preventable community health problem; reduce stigma; develop & implement community programs; promote community efforts to reduce access to lethal means; & improve […]

Clinical Characteristics of Depressive Symptoms in Children and Adolescents With Major Depressive Disorder

The Kiddie Schedule for Affective Disorders & Schizophrenia (present version) was administered to parents (about their children) & in face-to-face interview with 916 children & adolescents with major depressive disorder. Depressed adolescents had significantly more hopelessness/helplessness, lack of energy/tiredness, hypersomnia, weight loss, & suicidality compared with children. Depressed female adolescnts had significantly more suicidality than […]

Emergency Department Management of the Suicidal Patient

~

Suicide Attempters’ Reaction to Survival as a Risk Factor for Eventual Suicide

393 suicide attempters were categorized on the basis of their reaction to having survived their attempt (glad to be alive, ambivalent, wished they were dead. They were followed up for 5-10 years to determine whether they eventually died by suicide. A survival analysis found that subjects who said they wished they had died were 2.5 […]

Pennsylvania Adult Suicide Prevention Plan

This document is the Pennsylvania state strategy for adult suicide prevention. 11 goals are outlined including the objectives for each. Postvention is also briefly discussed. The latter half of the plan is devoted to strategies for suicide prevention in high risk groups, including: military personnel; police; adults with serious mental illness; veterans; individuals who use, […]

Pennsylvania Older Adult Suicide Prevention Plan

This document outlines the goals & objectives of the Pennsylvania state plan for suicide prevention among older adults.

Cognitive Vulnerability to Depression, Rumination, Hopelessness, and Suicidal Ideation: Multiple Pathways to Self-Injurious Thinking

In this study, the relationships among suicide ideation & behaviours with negative cognitive styles & attitudes were examined in the context of the Attention Mediated Hopelessness theory of depression. 127 undergraduates in the Cognitive Vulnerability to Depression project were followed for 2.5 years. Initially nondepressed freshmen, at either high or low cognitive risk for depression, […]

Suicide as a Community Health Problem in Montgomery County: an Agenda for Action

~

Traumatic Grief Among Adolescents Exposed to a Peer’s Suicide

~

Risk Factors for Suicide in Psychiatric Outpatients: a 20-year Prospective Study

Transgender Health: Findings From two Needs Assessment Studies in Philadelphia

Posttraumatic Stress, Depression, and Health Among Older Adults in Primary Care

~

Suicide Prevention & Postvention in SE Pennsylvania: an Overview

This article looks at what is being done about suicide & suicide loss in the southeastern Pennsylvania region, particularly on the part of the suicide prevention task forces in each county of Bucks, Chester, Delaware, Montgomery, & Philadelphia. This article briefly considers what has to be done next to make suicide prevention & postvention more […]

The Internal Struggle Between the Wish to die and the Wish to Live: a Risk Factor for Suicide

A study group of 5,814 patients, including 44 who died by suicide, were recruited from a psychiatric outpatient clinic. Structured diagnostic interviews & clinician ratings of the wish to live & wish to die were conducted. The outcome variable was the occurrence of suicide. A dichotomized index score of the difference between the wish to […]

Cognitive Therapy for the Prevention of Suicide Attempts: a Randomized Controlled Trial

~