Suicidality and depression among African American adolescents: the role of family and peer support and community connectedness
Rates of suicide are increasing among African Americans adolescents. One area that has received little attention is the relationship between depressive symptoms and suicidality. 212 participants completed in-school surveys on three types of social support: family support,peer support and community connectedness.Survey also addressed depressive symptoms and suicidality, as measured by reasons for living, a cognitive […]
This article uses the case-study methodology as a strategy to facilitate examination of ethical principles that underlie developmental risk research carried out among adolescents. Description of the ethical dilemmas that arose during the implementation of a randomized controlled trial is presented along with discussion guidelines. Ethical dilemmas specifically related to the reporting of suicidal ideation […]
This analysis examined the effects of bridge barriers on the number of suicides from bridges in Washington, DC. Barriers were installed on the Ellington bridge in 1986 & from 1987-1989, there were no suicides from this bridge. Results suggest that the total number of bridge suicides declined after the installation of barriers on the Ellington […]
It is claimed that untreated depression accounts for 70% of suicides & April is the peak month for suicide. Discussion includes: depression & occupations, e.g. lawyers, serotonin, 10 steps to being happy, therapy vs. drugs, familial impact & link to depression, drugs for depression & self-medication, different kinds of therapies, marriage problems & therapy, successful […]
This article describes development of the Adolescent Suicide Prevention Program started in 1982 in Virginia & includes an initial evaluation. After the first year, suicides were less than half the number occurring the year before the program began. The article discusses program organization, training for school administrators & teachers, parental involvement & student involvement (peer […]
This article summarizes a study done by Loftin et al (1991) on the effects of handgun control laws on homicide & suicide in the District of Columbia (see SIEC #920228). Homicides & suicides by firearms both decreased by about 25% after the new legislation; rates in corresponding metropolitan areas remained unchanged. There was no compensatory […]
The issue of bridge suicides in Washington D.C. is discussed in regards to the installation of suicide fences. There were 3 main arguments used against the installation of the fences: 1. the fences blocked scenic views; 2. the architectural integrity of the bridges had to be maintained; and 3. fences do not prevent suicides. Comments […]
This article discusses the case of Frank Corder, a 38-year-old Maryland man, who committed suicide by crashing a plane into the White House. Theoretically, downtown Washington, DC is blanketed by a no-fly zone. The ease with which Corder breached this zone has raised many questions about the security of the president & the White House.
This is a brief article about the suicide of U.S. Deputy Counsel Vince Foster’s suicide in 1993. The article deals primarily with a suicide note left by Mr. Foster and the unwillingness of the Justice Department to disclose its contents.
The author of this article relates her view regarding the suicide of Vince Foster. She also discusses her impressions on the impact Mr. Foster’s suicide has had on the people of Washington.
The effects of a 1976 law which restricted civilian access to handguns in the District of Columbia were evaluated. The adoption of the law coincided with an abrupt decline in Washington, D.C. in both homicides & suicides by firearms. No such decline was observed in homicides or suicides committed by other means, nor were there […]
This pamphlet describes the goals of the Youth Suicide National Center. Some ways in which individuals can help suicidal youth are also discussed.
This pamphlet on youth suicide includes discussion on topics such as factors which may cause youth to consider suicide, adolescent depression, how to help depressed adolescents & what to do if you suspect an adolescent is contemplating suicide.
Similarities & differences in adolescent drug & alcohol usage in urban & suburban pediatric practices are reported with respect to racial & ethnic differences. White suburban subjects were heavier users of tobacco & alcohol & experienced more difficulties with things such as suicidal ideation. Other racial/ethnic differences are discussed. Results highlight characteristics of youth drug […]
While the rate of black suicide is less than that of whites the age-rate pattern is quite different, with black suicides disproportionately more prevalent among young people. Mitchell sees the use of PCP as a significant factor in the high incidence of drug-related deaths and urges youth workers & parents to train young people away […]
Charlotte Ross states that The Youth Suicide National Center was created to serve as a central source of information, guidance & leadership that would support, encourage & improve existing prevention efforts & facilitate an effective national mobilization to prevent youth suicide. She outlines the work of the Center to date, which includes the organization of […]
This is an excerpt from The Washington Post, June 1985, concerning protective fences that were constructed along the Calvert Street & Connecticut Avenue bridges in an attempt to end their long history as suicide sites. (NBB)
Examined is the high rate of suicide among females in a section of N.W. Washington. Widows make up 10% of the population in this area which is more than twice the national average. (NBB)
This article documents changes made to the practices & procedures carried out by hospital ER’s & local police in the district of Columbia following a complaint lodged by a female rape victim in September, 1985. During the first 9 months of the program, 322 females were seen. One victim attempted suicide. (NBB) 6 refs.
This 1985 proposal was drawn up by the Youth Suicide National Center to obtain funding for their organization. Included are: Background data, description of the YSNC, statement of goals & objectives, YSNC information clearing house, budget proposal, & time table for implimentation. Attachments include (A). tax exemption (B). board of directors (C). agency budget (D). […]
A survey of Washington, D.C. physicians revealed wide variation in the symptoms used to diagnose depression & knowledge by nearly half of the respondents of suicide attempts among patients under 14 years of age. The authors state this study confirms the need for development of more precise, uniform diagnostic standards & effective intervention techniques. 5 […]