Estimating suicide among higher education students, England and Wales: Experimental Statistics 2017 to 2020

The rate of suicide in the 12 months ending July 2017 for higher education students in England and Wales was 4.7 deaths per 100,000 students, which equates to 95 suicides; this is higher than in most of the earlier years studied, although the small numbers per year make it difficult to identify statistically significant differences. […]

Black suicide: The tragic reality of America’s deadliest secret.

Only in recent years have black people begun to recognize that suicide is a major problem for the African-American community. Suicide within this population exists in far greater numbers and for a longer period than many people realize, declares Dr. Alton R. Kirk. For more than 35 years, Dr. Kirk has been studying, teaching, and […]

Contacts with primary and secondary healhtcare prior to sucide: Case-control whole-population-based study using person-level linked routine data in Wales, UK, 2000-2017.

Background Longitudinal studies of patterns of healthcare contacts in those who die by suicide to identify those at risk are scarce. Aims To examine type and timing of healthcare contacts in those who die by suicide. Method A population-based electronic case–control study of all who died by suicide in Wales, 2001–2017, linking individuals’ electronic healthcare […]

Welsh Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACE) Study: Adverse childhood experiences and their impact on health-harming behaviours in the Welsh adult population.

This is one in a series of reports examining the prevalence of Adverse Childhood Experiences (ACEs) in the Welsh adult population and their impact on health and well-being across the life course. The series will include reports on: ■ The prevalence of Adverse Childhood Experiences and their association with health-harming behaviours in the Welsh adult […]

Suicide by gases in England and Wales 2001-2011: Evidence of the emergence of new methods of suicide.

Increases in suicide deaths by gassing, particularly carbon monoxide poisoning from burning barbecue charcoal, have occurred in many parts of East Asia and resulted in rises in overall suicide rates in some countries. Recent trends in gas poisoning suicides outside Asia have received little attention. Increases in helium inhalation as a method of suicide have […]

Self-harm in prisons in England and Wales: An epidemiological study of prevalence, risk factors, clustering, and subsequent suicide.

Self-harm and suicide are common in prisoners, yet robust information on the full extent and characteristics of people at risk of self-harm is scant. Furthermore, understanding how frequently self-harm is followed by suicide, and in which prisoners this progression is most likely to happen, is important. We did a case-control study of all prisoners in […]

Documenting the quick and the dead: A study of suicide case files in a coroner’s office.


Suicidal communication events: Lay interpretation of the communication of sucidal ideation and intent.

Previous research has shown that a majority of people communicate their suicidal ideas and intent prior to the act of suicide, but very little is known about the way in which these suicide communication events are interpreted by relatives, friends and significant others. A suicide communication event (SCE) is defined as a set of circumstances […]

Implementation of mental health services recommendations in England and Wales and suicide rates, 1997-2006: A cross-sectional and before-and-after observational study.


Parents’ perspective on young suicide.

Strategies for the prevention of adolescent suicide are frequently designed to identify those young people who represent a high risk in order that services and support can be effectively targeted. This study explored the experiences of parents who had lost a child through suicide. The findings suggest that the range of behaviours perceived by parents […]

Suicide in England and Wales 1861-2007: a Time-Trends Analysis

The authors investigated age-, gender-, & method-specific trends in suicide in England & Wales, 1861-2007. Rates in males were consistently higher than females throughout the 19th & 20th centuries, although the male-to-female ratio fluctuated from 4:1 in the 1880s to 1.5:1 in the 1960s. Suicide rates increased in all age groups in the 1930s, coinciding […]

Commentary: Thomas & Gunnell’s Paper

The author discusses trends in suicide rates in England & Wales, & then examines some risk factors which may have affected the rates, including: poverty, unemployment, gender effects, & age. Public health measures that affect suicide rates are also discussed. 5 refs.) Contact us for a copy of this article, or view online at

Suicide Amongst Psychiatric In-Patients who Abscond From the Ward: a National Clinical Survey

This study describes the social & clinical characteristics of people who had absconded from an inpatient psychiatric ward prior to suicide, including aspects of the clinical care they received. A national clinical survey based on a 10-year (1997-2006) sample of people in England & Wales who died by suicide was done. 469 patients died after […]

A National Action Plan to Reduce Suicide and Self Harm in Wales 2008-2013


Talk to me. a National Action Plan to Reduce Suicide and Self Harm in Wales 2008-2013


Choose Life

Suicide is the second most common cause of death among young men in Wales, after accidents. Government & voluntary organizations are working to lower suicide rates but sensationalised media coverage, such as happened when 17 teenagers died by suicide in the area of Bridgend, needs to reined in. Some examples of community agencies offering services […]

The Effectiveness of a Deliberate Self Harm Service

The psychiatric service provided for the assessment of Welsh patients admitted to a district general hospital following deliberate self-harm was evaluated. The service was modified as a result of the findings. A re-evaluation was done one year later to measure the effectiveness of the changes that were made. (14 refs.)

A Five-Year Prospective Study of Presentations to A&E for Deliberate Self-Harm

This report discusses data collected on deliberate self-harm presentations to an accident & emergency department in Wales across a 5-year period, 1996-2000. The aims of the study are: to model the presentation of this behaviour in order to identify high-risk individuals or groups; to compare any identified trends in the mixed urban/rural population with those […]

Suicide Statistics for the UK and the National Suicide Prevention Strategy (In: Suicide: Strategies and Interventions for Reduction and Prevention, ed. by S Palmer)


Suicide in Wales: Data to Support Implementation of the National Action Plan to Reduce Suicide and Self Harm in Wales


Trends in Suicide by Marital Status in England and Wales, 1982-2005

This article examines trends in suicide by marital status in England & Wales over the period 1982-2005. A protective effect of marriage has been observed in a number of previous studies & this article updates figures up to 2005. The article shows that despite changes in marriage patterns over the last 25 years, those who […]

Parasuicide and Tinnitus

A prospective study of successive admissions to the Regional Poisons Unit, South Glamorgan, Wales following deliberate self-poisoning, identified 211 overdoses, by 184 individuals (27 cases being repeat attempts). Unexpectedly, when compared to rates in the general population, tinnitus was underrepresented in this population by a factor greater than 4. Only 3 individuals reported having tinnitus. […]

Suicide in Tinnitus Sufferers

Six case histories of patients with tinnitus are reported. 5 of these patients died by suicide & one was killed by his son. The role of tinnitus as a factor leading to their deaths is discussed, & potential risk factors for suicide, in terms of demographic features, associated mental illness, & tinnitus parameters, are also […]