The Traveller Movement: Policy briefing addressing mental health and suicide among Gypsy, Roma and Traveller communities in England

Office for National Statistics (ONS) data reveal that there were 18,998 suicides in men and women aged between 20 and 64 years between 2011 and 2015, and that suicide is the leading cause of death in England in adults below the age of 50. Mortality data published by the ONS are collected from the information […]

Estimating suicide among higher education students, England and Wales: Experimental Statistics 2017 to 2020

The rate of suicide in the 12 months ending July 2017 for higher education students in England and Wales was 4.7 deaths per 100,000 students, which equates to 95 suicides; this is higher than in most of the earlier years studied, although the small numbers per year make it difficult to identify statistically significant differences. […]

Identifying suicide and self-harm research priorities in north west England: A Delphi study

Background: Understanding and effectively managing self-harm and suicide require collaborative research between stakeholders focused on shared priorities. Aims: We aimed to develop a consensus about suicide and self-harm research priorities in the North West of England using the Delphi method. Method: Items for the Delphi survey were generated through group discussions at a workshop with […]

“There is so much more for us to lose if were to kill ourselves”: Understanding paradoxically low rates of self-harm in a socioeconomically disadvantaged community in London

London has unexpectedly low overall rates of self-harm in public health data and contains highly deprived areas with these paradoxically low rates. Qualitative data were collected via interviews and focus groups with 26 individuals living and working in one such area. Using the Stress Process Model, we explore why this ethnically diverse community, which is […]

The timing of general population and patient suicide in England, 1997-2012.

Highlights •Temporal variation is evident in suicide in England with higher risk in the early part of the year. •Suicide risk was significantly lower during the Christmas period. •A peak in suicide was found on New Year’s Day and Mondays in the general population. •Suicide risk was higher on Mondays in patients aged over 50 […]

Suicide by children and young people in England: National Confidential Inquiry into Suicide and Homicide by people with mental illness.

Ten common themes in suicide by children and young people:  family factors such as mental illness  abuse and neglect  bereavement and experience of suicide  bullying  suicide-related internet use  academic pressures, especially related to exams  social isolation or withdrawal  physical health conditions that may have social impact  […]

Preventing suicides in public places: A practice resource.

This practice resource is for those with responsibility for suicide prevention in local authorities and their partner agencies. It has been developed to help them contribute to the delivery of the national suicide prevention strategy for England, in particular area 3 of the strategy, ÔReduce access to the means of suicideÕ. It replaces the ÔGuidance […]

Suicide by gases in England and Wales 2001-2011: Evidence of the emergence of new methods of suicide.

Increases in suicide deaths by gassing, particularly carbon monoxide poisoning from burning barbecue charcoal, have occurred in many parts of East Asia and resulted in rises in overall suicide rates in some countries. Recent trends in gas poisoning suicides outside Asia have received little attention. Increases in helium inhalation as a method of suicide have […]

Is poor functioning a risk factor for suicide attempts in first-admission psychosis?

While poor premorbid functioning is associated with poorer outcomes in psychotic illnesses, little is known about whether it is also a risk factor for suicide attempts. Identifying those with poor premorbid functioning and prior histories of attempts could help clinicians target high-risk patients. Thus, greater attention to persons with both risk factors may form the […]

Guidance for developing a local suicide prevention action plan: Information for public health staff in local authorities.

This document advises local authorities how to:  develop a suicide prevention action plan  monitor data, trends and hot spots  engage with local media  work with transport to map hot spots  work on local priorities to improve mental health

Identifying and responding to suicide clusters and contagion: A practice resource.

This has been developed as a contribution to the National Suicide Prevention Strategy for England. It should be read alongside the guidance on developing local suicide action plans. ( The document includes: the meaning of the term Ôsuicide clustersÕ, their identification, suggestions for who may be at risk of suicidal acts due to the influence […]

Self-harm and life problems: Findings from the Multicentre Study of Self–harm in England.


Suicide reporting within British newspapers’ arts coverage: Content analysis of adherence to media guidelines.

Journal copy held in Library.

The use of the internet by people who die by suicide in England: A cross sectional study.

The aim of this study was to estimate the prevalence and characteristics of Internet-related suicide in England. Easy access to information about suicide methods and pro-suicide web sites on the Internet appears to contribute to a small but significant proportion of suicides. A key impact of the Internet appears to be in relation to information […]

Psychiatric in-patient care and suicide in England, 1997-2008: A longitudinal study.

Psychiatric in-patients are at high risk of suicide. Recent reductions in bed numbers in many countries may have affected this risk but few studies have specifically investigated temporal trends. We aimed to explore trends in psychiatric in-patient suicide over time. Contact us for a copy of this article, or view online at

Depression: Understanding the black dog.

Having suffered from major depression for much of her life, Stephanie Sorrell has learned to work with the disease rather than against it. Where so many mental-health books feature Ôfighting and overcomingÔ depression, her experience and understanding have enabled her to see the value of the condition rather than what it can take away. In […]

Suicides associated with the 2008-10 economic recession in England: Time trend analysis.

To determine whether English regions worst affected by the economic recession in the United Kingdom in 2008-10 have had the greatest increases in suicides.

Self-harm in prisons in England and Wales: An epidemiological study of prevalence, risk factors, clustering, and subsequent suicide.

Self-harm and suicide are common in prisoners, yet robust information on the full extent and characteristics of people at risk of self-harm is scant. Furthermore, understanding how frequently self-harm is followed by suicide, and in which prisoners this progression is most likely to happen, is important. We did a case-control study of all prisoners in […]

Suicide in primary care in England: 2002-2011. National Confidential Inquiry into Suicide and Homicide by People with Mental Illness.


Trends in suicidal ideation in England: The National Psychiatric Morbidity Surveys of 2000 and 2007.

Despite falling suicide rates, suicidal ideation did not decline overall between 2000 and 2007. This may indicate the success of the National Suicide Prevention Strategy. Women aged 44Ð50 years in 2007 were, however, particularly prone to suicidal ideation. As they also have the highest age-adjusted prevalence of common mental disorders and the highest female suicide […]

Safety of patients under the care of crisis resolution home treatment services in England: A retrospective analysis of suicide trends from 2003-2011.

Community care provided by crisis resolution home treatment teams is used increasingly as an alternative to admission to psychiatric wards. No systematic analysis has been done of the safety of these teams in terms of rates of suicide. We aimed to compare the rate and number of suicides among patients under the care of crisis […]

Suicide in bipolar disorder in a national English sample, 1996-2009: Frequency, trends and characteristics.

Bipolar disorder (BD) has been reported to be associated with high risk of suicide. We aimed to investigate the frequency and characteristics of suicide in people with BD in a national sample. Given the high rate of suicide in BD and the low estimates of risk, it is important that health professionals can accurately identify […]

Preventing suicide in England: One year on. First annual report on the cross-government outcomes strategy to save lives.

This first report on the new strategy sets out the big developments over the past year and highlights the areas where things need to be done for the next year. The strategy is intended to be dynamic and evolve in response to new trends and knowledge. It is also designed to support action at all […]