The effectiveness of the Collaborative Assessment and Management of Suicidality (CAMS) compared to alternative treatment conditions: A meta-analysis

Introduction This meta-analysis aimed to test the efficacy of the Collaborative Assessment and Management of Suicidality (CAMS) intervention against other commonly used interventions for the treatment of suicide ideation and other suicide-related variables. Method Database, expert, and root and branch searches identified nine empirical studies that directly compared CAMS to other active interventions. A random […]

Teen depression and suicide prevention: Standard treatment guidelines 2022

Suicide is the third leading cause of adolescent mortality in India and the fifth leading cause, globally. Every hour one child dies of suicide in India. Most adolescent suicides are impulsive. They commit suicide mainly by hanging, poisoning, drowning, and self-immolation. The important causes are family problems, break-up in romantic relationships, physical and mental illness, […]

Psychotherapists’ knowledge of guideline recommendations for the treatment of depressed suicidal patients

Objective: Clinical practice guidelines present expert consensus on the treatment of mental disorders. Yet, studies have shown that knowledge of and adherence to recommendations are moderate. The aim of the present study was to investigate, whether and to what extent psychotherapists are aware of and follow the German guideline recommendations for the treatment of suicidal depressed […]

Effectiveness of a suicide prevention module for adults in substance use disorder treatment: A stepped-wedge cluster-randomized clinical trial

Importance  Individuals with substance use disorders (SUDs) are at high risk for suicide. The Preventing Addiction Related Suicide (PARS) module is the first suicide prevention module developed in and for community substance use intensive outpatient programs (IOPs). Objective  To evaluate the effectiveness of PARS on suicide-related outcomes (ie, knowledge, attitudes, and help-seeking behavior) compared with usual care. […]

Modifying a cognitive behavioral suicide prevention treatment for adults with schizophrenia spectrum disorders in community mental health

Suicide is among the leading causes of death for adults with schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Given a paucity of evidence-based interventions tailored for psychosis, we sought to modify a promising Cognitive-Behavioral Suicide Prevention for psychosis (CBSPp) treatment for adults in US community mental health (CMH) settings using community-based participatory research methods. This article presents our modification […]

An investigation of clinical decisionmaking: Identifying important factors in treatment planning for suicidal patients in the emergency department

Objective: We sought to evaluate the influence of several well-documented, readily available risk factors that may influence a psychiatric consultant’s decision to admit an emergency department (ED) patient reporting suicidal ideation for psychiatric hospitalization. Methods: We conducted a retrospective study of adult patients presenting to six affiliated EDs within Pennsylvania from January 2015 to June […]

To treat or not to treat: The effect of hypothetical patients’ suicidal severity on therapists’ willingness to treat

Therapists’ intense negative emotional responses regarding suicidal patients raise questions about therapists’ willingness to treat them; however, this issue has yet to be investigated. The aim of the current study is to examine to what extent the severity of suicidality of a hypothetical patient will influence therapists’ willingness to treat and the likelihood of their […]

Usual care for emergency department patients who present with suicide risk: A survey of hospital procedures in Washington State

Hospital emergency departments (EDs) are important settings for the implementation of effective suicide-specific care. Usual care for suicidal patients who present to EDs remains understudied. This study surveyed EDs in Washington State to assess the adoption of written procedures for recommended standards of care for treating suicidality. Most (N = 79, 84.9%) of the 93 […]

Systematic exploration of countertransference phenomena in the treatment of patients at risk for suicide

Despite its critical role in clinical suicidology, empirical evidence on the nature of countertransference (CT) to patients at risk for suicide (PRS) is lacking. This study aimed to provide a systematic description of CT phenomena to PRS. Psychiatrists, psychologists, and psychotherapists completed the Therapist Response Questionnaire (TRQ) online, with reference to a PRS. Factor analysis […]

Qualitative evidence in suicide ideation, attempts, and suicide prevention (IN: Handbook of Qualitative Health Research for Evidence-Based Practice, edited by K. Olson, R. Young & I. Schultz)

Understandings of suicidal behavior which contextualize and historicize the experience of despair, and which privilege subjective meanings, provide important insights into this complex phenomenon. The main purpose of this chapter is to bring to light the significant contributions that qualitative researchers have made to the evidence base on suicidal behaviors and suicide prevention. The burgeoning […]

Predicting patterns of treatment response and outcome for adolescents who are suicidal and depressed

Objective Although several treatments have been shown to be effective in treatment of youth suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs), there is a pressing need to account for the substantial variation in adolescents’ response to and outcomes from these treatments. Method Secondary analyses of data from a 16-week randomized trial of Attachment-Based Family Therapy (ABFT) and Family-Enhanced NonDirective […]

Predicting patterns of treatment response and outcome for suicidal and depressed adolescents

Objective Although several treatments have been shown to be effective in treatment of youth suicidal thoughts and behaviors (STBs), there is a pressing need to account for the substantial variation in adolescents’ response to and outcomes from these treatments. Method Secondary analyses of data from a 16-week randomized trial of Attachment-Based Family Therapy (ABFT) and […]

Treatment narratives of suicidal Latina teens.

In this article, we examine the treatment narratives of Latina adolescent suicide attempters to understand their experiences undergoing care. For this study, we conducted content and thematic analysis of 68 interviews with Latina adolescent suicide attempters. Most teens who described positive experiences undergoing treatment (n = 39, 44.1%) did so when discussing outpatient mental health services (n = 30, […]

Addiction severity and suicidal behaviors among persons entering treatment.

The aim of this study was three-fold: to compare the rates for suicidal behaviors based on the problem substance, to look at the association between addiction severity and suicidal behaviors, and to identify the components of addiction severity associated with suicidal behaviors. Addiction Severity Index databases from three public rehabilitation centers were merged for analyses, […]

Differences in the effectiveness of psychosocial interventions for suicidal ideation and behaviour in women and men: A systematic review of randomised controlled trials.

The objective of this study was to explore outcomes of preventive programs and psychosocial treatments for suicidal ideation and behaviour in gender sub-groups in mixed gender studies and in studies limited to one gender. The method used was a systematic review of randomized controlled trials (RCTs) which included women or men only, or reported and/or […]

Is duration of psychological treatment for depression related to return into treatment?

PURPOSE: There is increasing pressure on mental health providers to reduce the duration of treatments, while retaining level of quality and effectiveness. The risk is that the population is underserved and therefore needs new treatment episodes. The primary aim of this study was to investigate whether duration of treatment and return into mental health care […]

Primary care providers’views regarding assessing and treating suicidal patients.

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