Perceived social stigma, self-concealment, and suicide risk among North Korean refugee women exposed to traumatic events
Introduction Suicide among North Korean (NK) refugee women is one of the most concerning public health problems in South Korea. Pre-resettlement trauma exposure and post-resettlement factors can contribute to suicide risk among NK refugee women; however, few studies have explored these associations. Methods This study aimed to assess suicidal ideation and suicide attempts among NK […]
Childhood traumatic grief (CTG) is a condition in which trauma symptoms impinge on children’s ability to negotiate the normal grieving process. Clinical characteristics of CTG and their implications for treatment are discussed, and data from a small number of open-treatment studies of traumatically bereaved children are reviewed. An empirically derived treatment model for CTG is […]
Disrupted attachments: A social context complex trauma framework and the lives of Aboriginal peoples in Canada
The idea of “disrupted attachments” speaks to the multiple levels on which the historic and contemporary assaults on Aboriginal peoples in Canada have resonated. Not only have the policies of colonialism expressly aimed to sever the attachment of Canada’s First Nations to their land, customs, culture, modes of self-governance, languages and ways of life, but […]
The impact of trauma, substance abuse, and psychiatric illness on suicidal and self-harm behaviours in a cohort of migrant detainees: An observational, prospective study
Background: According to the WHO, detainees attempt suicide ten times more than the general population. Aims: To investigate the impact of migration trauma on Suicidal and Self-Harm Behaviours (SSHB) of migrants in jail and to explore how substance use and other psychiatric features affect this relationship. Methods: Prospective cohort study, conducted at the ‘Sant’Anna’ jail […]
Introduction: The purpose of this study is to report the prevalence of youth lifetime exposure to suicide attempts by people close to them, and its association with personal nonvictimization adversities, suicidal ideation, thoughts of self-harm, and trauma symptoms. Methods: Data were collected as part of the National Surveys of Children’s Exposure to Violence, comprising three cross-sectional studies […]
Challenges of combining perspectives: A qualitative study of the communication between female suicidal asylum seekers and mental health clinicians
Background: Asylum seekers have increased risk of suicide and suicidal behavior, with differences related to origin, gender, and age. There are barriers to communication in clinical encounters between asylum seekers and clinicians. There is insufficient knowledge about how communication in the clinical encounter affects the suicide risk in female asylum seekers. Aims: To explore the […]
Suicide and other sudden death bereavement of immediate family members: An analysis of grief reactions six-months after death
Introduction While suicide bereavement has been assumed to be different from bereavement following death by other modes, a number of studies have reported that there are several similarities, particularly for violent deaths. The aims of the current study are to test, using confirmatory factor analysis, the factor structure of Grief Experience Questionnaire (GEQ) that has […]
Understanding survivors’ perspectives on treatment is important in a patient-centered approach to developing interventions for traumatic loss. Focus groups were conducted with 23 motor vehicle crash, suicide, and homicide survivors. Survivors’ attitudes toward a modular treatment for traumatic loss were assessed. This study also sought to explore survivors’ perspectives on the acceptability of existing evidence-based […]
The Handbook of Traumatic Loss adopts a broad, holistic approach that recognizes traumatic loss much more fully as a multidimensional human phenomenon, not simply a medical condition. Initial chapters build a foundation for understanding traumatic loss and explore the many ways we respond to trauma. Later chapters counterbalance the individualistic focus of dominant approaches to traumatic loss by […]
Trauma-related guilt mediates the relationship between posttraumatic stress disorder and suicidal ideation in OEF/OIF/OND veterans.
Posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) and trauma-related guilt are risk factors for suicidal ideation (SI) in veterans. Components of trauma-related guilt were examined as serial mediators of the relationship between PTSD and SI. In a sample of 53 OEF/OIF/OND combat veterans, PTSD had an indirect effect on SI through a serial mediation chain of guilt cognitions, […]
The RECOVER program of the Wendt Center for Loss and Healing in Washington, D.C., provides free crisis support and early intervention bereavement counseling for families who arrive at the Office of the Chief Medical Examiner (the morgue) to identify their family members who have died suddenly from homicide, suicide, accidents, or were medically unattended at […]
The historical trauma response among Natives and its relationship with substance abuse: A Lakota illustration.
The return to the sacred path: Healing the historical trauma and historical unresolved grief response among the Lakota through a psychoeducational group intervention.
Authoritative guidance, written in a wonderfully simple and straightforward way, on helping the bereaved cope after the traumatic death of a loved one.
Fleury calls Barthel the ÒWayne Gretzky of therapyÓ and within their emotionally safe relationship he bares his soul so that others can learn from his mistakes, triumphs and new learnings. FleuryÕs story will inspire not only those overcoming their own trauma but friends, parents, teachers, coaches, therapists and health practitioners, anyone who is in the […]
Resilience in Aboriginal communities is a long process of healing that allows to supersede the multiple trauma and the loss of culture experienced during the colonization and after. The presence of social capital is central to this process in building bridges between persons, families and social groups with the aim of developing a spirit of […]
Traumatized people feel utterly abandoned, utterly alone, cast out of the human and divine systems of care and protection that sustain life. Thereafter, a sense of alienation, of disconnection, pervades every relationship, from the most intimate familial bonds to the most abstract affiliations of community and religion (Herman, 1997, p.52). This paper considers how traumatization […]
This paper proposes a model for studying the intergenerational transmission of historic trauma and grief, and examines the implications for individual and community healing in a contemporary context. It is based on a longer study prepared by the author in 2004 for the Aboriginal Healing Foundation, a body established and funded by the Government of […]
This presentation from the 2008 Aboriginal Justice Forum at UBC features Joe Solanto, PhD. Dr. Solanto explains how trauma works at a physiological level as well as the effects of colonization and transmission of trauma over generations. He shows how crime and other social problems are understandable responses to trauma and what the implications are […]