Examining the Three-Step Theory (3ST) of suicide in a prospective study of adult psychiatric inpatients

This study examined the validity and predictive utility of Three-Step Theory (3ST) of Suicide in psychiatric patients. Participants were 190 consecutively admitted adult psychiatric inpatients (53% female; 60% Caucasian; ages 18–73) assessed at three time-points: baseline, 4 weeks later (n = 112), and 3 months post-discharge (n = 102). Results were broadly supportive of the 3ST. First, at baseline, an interactive […]

A test of the three-step theory of suicide among Chinese people: A study based on the ideation-to-action framework

The aim of this study was to test the Three-Step Theory (3ST) of suicide in a sample of college students in China (N = 1,097). All participants completed a battery of questionnaires indexing psychological pain, hopelessness, connectedness, suicide capacity, suicide ideation, and suicide attempt. The prevalence of suicide ideation and suicide attempt among the sample were 21.42% […]

An empirical test of the three-step theory of suicide in U.K. university students

The purpose of this study was to further our understanding of how individuals move down the pathway from first thinking about suicide to ultimately attempting to take their own lives by empirically testing the Three-Step Theory (3ST) in a sample of university students (n = 665). Results largely support the theory’s central propositions. First, an interactive model […]