Communicating distress: Suicide threats/gestures among clinical and community youth

Although self-injurious thoughts and behaviors are a global health concern, little is known about suicidal threat/gesture(s) where a person leads others to believe they want to end their lives when they have no intention to do so. This study assessed the lifetime prevalence of self-injurious thoughts and behaviors among both community adolescents (nā€‰=ā€‰1117) and in […]

Factors Associated With Parent-Reported Suicide Threats by Children and Adolescents With Community-Diagnosed Bipolar Disorder

Parents completed the Child Bipolar Questionnaire via a secure, Internet-based acquisition system. In multivariate modelling analysis, with age & gender as covariates, Questionnaire items that were most closely correlated with parent-reported suicide threat were identified. The strength of this multifactor association was then examined among subjects reported to have a community diagnosis of bipolar disorder […]

Suicidal Threats: Reading Between the Lines of O. J. Simpson’s Suicide Note (In: Suicide and Law Enforcement, edited by D C Sheehan & J I Warren)

With new understanding of the mind’s potential, it is possible now to examine forensic documents such as ransom notes or suicide letters for unconscious communication to determine true motivation & intent. For example, O. J. Simpson’s alleged suicide letter offers a sterling opportunity to apply this new appreciation of the human mind to determine his […]

Predictors of Spontaneous and Systematically Assessed Suicidal Adverse Events in the Treatment of SSRI-Resistant Depression in Adolescents (TORDIA) Study

334 depressed adolescents who had not responded to a previous trial with a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressant were randomized to a switch to another selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor or venlafaxine, with or without cognitive behaviour therapy. Self-harm events were assessed by spontaneous report from the first 181 participants & by systematic weekly assessment for […]

Suicide in Alcohol-Dependent Individuals: Epidemiology and Management

This article reviews what the authors deem to be the essential epidemiological & clinical research in the areas of alcohol dependence & suicidal behaviour. On the basis of current data & clinical experience, they suggest the following principles for the management of alcohol-dependent individuals: suicidal threats or communications in emergency & other contacts be taken […]

Filicide: a Comparison by sex and Presence or Absence of Self-Destructive Behavior

This study identified sociodemographic, contextual, situational, & individual variables, as well as certain behavioural warning signs, associated with filicide as a function of sex of the aggressors & the presence or absence of self-destructive behaviours. The data included all cases of filicide in Quebec from January 1986-March 1994 against youth under the age of 18. […]

Associations Between Symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder, Externalizing Disorders, and Suicide-Related Behaviors

This study examined whether symptoms of borderline personality disorder mediate the relationship between externalizing disorders & suicide-related behaviors. Diagnostic interviews were administered to 344 participants (233 women). Results indicate symptoms of antisocial personality disorder, alcohol use disorders, & drug use disorders each were significantly associated with suicide threats & self-injurious behaviour in women. Symptoms of […]

How Does Violence Potential Relate to Crisis Intervention Team Responses to Emergencies?

This study explored whether a crisis intervention team promotes public safety & diversion from jail to treatment. 655 police reports from Las Vegas, Nevada for events occurring between March 2003-May 2005 were analyzed. Some 45% of events involved suicide crises, 26% involved a threat to others, & average violence potential ratings suggested minor to moderate […]

Characteristics of Callers to the Domestic Abuse Helpline for men

This study describes 190 male callers to the Domestic Abuse Helpline for Men. All callers experienced physical abuse from their female partners, & a substantial minority feared their wives’ violence & were stalked. Callers’ reports indicated their female abusers had a history of trauma, alcohol/drug problems, mental illness, & homicidal & suicide ideations. Of 63 […]

The Distribution of and Factors Associated With Intimate Terrorism and Situational Couple Violence Among a Population-Based Sample of Urban Women in the United States

This article describes the distribution of factors that characterize intimate terrorism & situational couple violence, including controlling behaviours, violence escalation, & injury among a representative sample of 331 physically assaulted women living in 11 American cities. In multivariate analyses, respondent’s young age, violence escalation in the relationship, partner’s access to guns, previous arrests for domestic […]

Domestic Homicide Followed by Parasuicide: a Comparison With Homicide and Parasuicide

This study examines homicides followed by a suicide attempt by the perpetrator. The authors examine to what extent these events can be understood as being primarily an expresson of homicidal or suicidal behaviour. In total, 77 homicide-parasuicides are compared to 430 homicides & 161 parasuicides. Results show homicide-parasuicides constitute a different category of lethal violence […]

Psychological Aspects of Suicidal Children: Nine Case Studies

Nine latency-aged boys & girls who attempted suicide or made suicide threats were investigated. This presentation discussed characteristics of suicidal behaviour common to all children as well as unique & individual aspects. There did not seem to be a unique pattern of suicide attempts by these children. Motivational forces leading to the suicidal behaviours or, […]

Intimate Partner Homicide by Presence or Absence of a Self-Destructive Act

This study aimed to assess the differences among intimate partner homicide perpetrators who did or did not engage in a self-destructive act following the homicide. Descriptive & bivariate analyses of predictive variables were obtained from the records of 341 male intimate partner homicide perpetrataors held at a Dutch forensic observation hospital between 1980-2006; 44 attempted […]

Does Self-Esteem Predict Suicidality After Controls for Depression?

~

Emotional First aid for a Suicide Crisis: Comparison Between Telephonic Hotline and Internet

Characteristics of calls to 3 technologically mediated sources of help that are part of the volunteer-based Israeli Association for Emotional First Aid were compared. 4426 calls to a telephone hotline were compared with 373 personal chats & 954 postings to an asynchronous online support group. Threats of suicide were much more frequent among participants in […]

Facing Suicide in the Family and in the Church

This article provides a basic overview of suicide, focussing on warning signs & practical ways to respond to someone who is considering suicide. Information is provided on American organizations & selected readings.

An Empirically Supported Program to Prevent Suicide in a College Student Population

In the fall of 1984, the University of Illinois instituted a formal program to reduce the rate of suicide among its enrolled students. At the core of the program is a policy requiring any student who threatens or attempts suicide to attend 4 sessions of professional assessment. The consequences for failing to comply include withdrawal […]

Youth Suicide Risk Factors and Attitudes in New York and Vienna: A Cross-Cultural Comparison

~

Suicidality and Personality in American and Kuwaiti Students

~

Rebuilding the Tower of Babel: a Revised Nomenclature for the Study of Suicide and Suicidal Behaviors. Part 2: Suicide-Related Ideations, Communications, and Behaviors

~

Understanding the Link Between Anxiety Symptoms and Suicidal Ideation and Behaviors in Outpatients With Bipolar Disorder

A range of anxiety symptoms were examined in 98 patients with bipolar disorder. It was predicted each anxiety dimension would be linked to greater suicide ideation & behaviour, greater depressive rumination, & poorer emotional processing & expression. Each anxiety dimension except fear of negative evaluation was associated with a greater score on suicide ideation, greater […]

Suicide Attempts and Suicide in Psychiatric Patients, a Risk Assessment With Psychological Techniques

~

Perfectionism and Suicide Potential

~