Communicating distress: Suicide threats/gestures among clinical and community youth

Although self-injurious thoughts and behaviors are a global health concern, little is known about suicidal threat/gesture(s) where a person leads others to believe they want to end their lives when they have no intention to do so. This study assessed the lifetime prevalence of self-injurious thoughts and behaviors among both community adolescents (nā€‰=ā€‰1117) and in[…]

Suicide in Alcohol-Dependent Individuals: Epidemiology and Management

This article reviews what the authors deem to be the essential epidemiological & clinical research in the areas of alcohol dependence & suicidal behaviour. On the basis of current data & clinical experience, they suggest the following principles for the management of alcohol-dependent individuals: suicidal threats or communications in emergency & other contacts be taken[…]

Filicide: a Comparison by sex and Presence or Absence of Self-Destructive Behavior

This study identified sociodemographic, contextual, situational, & individual variables, as well as certain behavioural warning signs, associated with filicide as a function of sex of the aggressors & the presence or absence of self-destructive behaviours. The data included all cases of filicide in Quebec from January 1986-March 1994 against youth under the age of 18.[…]

Associations Between Symptoms of Borderline Personality Disorder, Externalizing Disorders, and Suicide-Related Behaviors

This study examined whether symptoms of borderline personality disorder mediate the relationship between externalizing disorders & suicide-related behaviors. Diagnostic interviews were administered to 344 participants (233 women). Results indicate symptoms of antisocial personality disorder, alcohol use disorders, & drug use disorders each were significantly associated with suicide threats & self-injurious behaviour in women. Symptoms of[…]

Factors Associated With Parent-Reported Suicide Threats by Children and Adolescents With Community-Diagnosed Bipolar Disorder

Parents completed the Child Bipolar Questionnaire via a secure, Internet-based acquisition system. In multivariate modelling analysis, with age & gender as covariates, Questionnaire items that were most closely correlated with parent-reported suicide threat were identified. The strength of this multifactor association was then examined among subjects reported to have a community diagnosis of bipolar disorder[…]

Suicidal Threats: Reading Between the Lines of O. J. Simpson’s Suicide Note (In: Suicide and Law Enforcement, edited by D C Sheehan & J I Warren)

With new understanding of the mind’s potential, it is possible now to examine forensic documents such as ransom notes or suicide letters for unconscious communication to determine true motivation & intent. For example, O. J. Simpson’s alleged suicide letter offers a sterling opportunity to apply this new appreciation of the human mind to determine his[…]

Predictors of Spontaneous and Systematically Assessed Suicidal Adverse Events in the Treatment of SSRI-Resistant Depression in Adolescents (TORDIA) Study

334 depressed adolescents who had not responded to a previous trial with a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor antidepressant were randomized to a switch to another selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor or venlafaxine, with or without cognitive behaviour therapy. Self-harm events were assessed by spontaneous report from the first 181 participants & by systematic weekly assessment for[…]

Intimate Partner Homicide by Presence or Absence of a Self-Destructive Act

This study aimed to assess the differences among intimate partner homicide perpetrators who did or did not engage in a self-destructive act following the homicide. Descriptive & bivariate analyses of predictive variables were obtained from the records of 341 male intimate partner homicide perpetrataors held at a Dutch forensic observation hospital between 1980-2006; 44 attempted[…]

How Does Violence Potential Relate to Crisis Intervention Team Responses to Emergencies?

This study explored whether a crisis intervention team promotes public safety & diversion from jail to treatment. 655 police reports from Las Vegas, Nevada for events occurring between March 2003-May 2005 were analyzed. Some 45% of events involved suicide crises, 26% involved a threat to others, & average violence potential ratings suggested minor to moderate[…]

Characteristics of Callers to the Domestic Abuse Helpline for men

This study describes 190 male callers to the Domestic Abuse Helpline for Men. All callers experienced physical abuse from their female partners, & a substantial minority feared their wives’ violence & were stalked. Callers’ reports indicated their female abusers had a history of trauma, alcohol/drug problems, mental illness, & homicidal & suicide ideations. Of 63[…]