A systematic review of school-based suicide prevention interventions for adolescents, and intervention and contextual factors in prevention

Suicide is the fourth leading cause of death among adolescents, globally. Though post-primary, school-based suicide prevention (PSSP) has the potential to be a key strategy for preventing adolescent suicidal thoughts and behaviours (STBs), there are persisting challenges to translating PSSP research to practice. Intervention and contextual factors relevant to PSSP are likely key to both […]

The teachers’ views on campus suicide prevention and mental health promotion: An online focus group study during COVID-19

Background: Suicide among adolescents and young adults is a worldwide issue. Students spend much time in school, and school teachers play a critical role in identifying warning signs of suicide and detecting students at risk of mental health problems. However, limited studies discussed the teachers’ perspectives on campus suicide prevention.Method: A qualitative study was conducted […]

Teachers as youth suicide prevention gatekeepers: An examination of suicide prevention training and exposure to students at risk of suicide

Background Teachers are important gatekeepers in suicide prevention for children and youth, yet little is known about factors that contribute to suicide prevention training effectiveness and the influence of student suicidality on teachers’ role as gatekeepers. Objective This study examined teachers’ attitudes and self-efficacy in suicide prevention including an examination of suicide prevention training and […]

The teacher expectations and values for suicide prevention scale: Confirmatory factor analysis and validation

Background: Teachers play a critical role in youth suicide prevention, yet few psychometrically sound instruments exist to measure teachers’ expectations and values regarding suicide prevention. Aims: This study examined the factor structure and psychometric properties of the Teacher Expectations and Values for Suicide Prevention (TEVSP) Scale. Method: The TEVSP was administered to 500 teachers in […]

Educator perspectives on Indigenous child suicide in Canada

Indigenous children are disproportionately impacted by suicide in Canada. Despite the severity of the crisis, limited research has been conducted on the phenomenon. The purpose of this research was to: (1) initiate some of the first conversations related to the factors contributing to this crisis and (2) discuss support that is needed within the classroom […]

“I wish I could have helped him in some way or put the family on notice”: An exploration of teachers’ perceived strengths and deficits in overall knowledge of suicide

This article examined teachers’ capacity to identify suicide myths and explored their perceived strengths and deficits in overall knowledge of suicide. One hundred twenty-nine teachers from 41 schools in Spain participated. Teachers showed moderately low suicide myth identification, holding misconceptions related to suicide verbalizations. They felt poorly informed, but acknowledged their strategic role and wanted […]

Youth suicide in Korea across the educational stages: A postmortem comparison of psychosocial characteristics of elementary, middle, and high school students

Background: Youth suicides have diverse characteristics according to the young people’s developmental stages. Warning signs and communication of suicidal intent can be vague among early adolescents, while mental health problems may be more evidently related to suicidal ideation in older adolescents. Understanding the developmental characteristics of youth suicide is necessary for effective suicide prevention. Aims: We explored the […]

Is gatekeeper training enough for suicide prevention?

While schools have the capacity to reach youth at-risk for suicide, there remains a gap between the number of youth with mental health issues and those who receive services. Accordingly, gatekeeper training programs, which teach community members signs of psychological distress and strategies to refer youth to mental health support, are often one component of […]

More than sad: Suicide prevention education for teachers and other school personnel

Developed by the American Foundation for Suicide Prevention, More Than Sad: Suicide Prevention Education for Teachers and Other School Personnel is designed to help educators better understand suicidal behavior in adolescents, including its causes, treatment and prevention. The program is built around two 25-minute DVDs: More Than Sad: Preventing Teen Suicide and More Than Sad: Teen Depression. (In the current program, Teen Depression is […]

Secondary teachers’ perceptions of their role in suicide prevention and intervention.

Teachers are identified as frontline participants in school-based suicide prevention efforts. However, their training and roles in these efforts are often not clearly defined. Because 25 states currently mandate suicide prevention training for teachers and 14 other states encourage this training, teachers’ perceptions about their role in suicide prevention are important to consider. As such, […]

Primary prevention of suicide and suicidal behaviour for adolescents in school settings.

This is the protocol for a review and there is no abstract. The objectives are as follows: To assess the effects of the range of school-based psychological or educational prevention programmes that are available to prevent suicide and suicidal behaviour in adolescents.

System constraints on efficacious teacher behaviours in school-based suicide prevention initiatives: A qualitative study of teacher views and experiences.

International concern about youth suicide has led to a growing consensus that schools are a potentially important location for suicide prevention efforts. The present study investigated the experiences and perceptions of teachers regarding a role in youth suicide prevention through semi-structured interviews which were analysed using Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis. Three themes are reported which contribute […]

A systematic review of school-based interventions aimed at preventing, treating, and responding to suicide-related behavior in young people.

BACKGROUND: Suicide, in particular among young people, is a major public health problem, although little is known regarding effective interventions for managing and preventing suicide-related behavior. AIMS: To review the empirical literature pertaining to suicide postvention, prevention, and early intervention, specifically in school settings. METHOD: MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and the Cochrane Central Register of Controlled Trials […]

The role of teachers in school-based suicide prevention: A qualitative study of school staff perspectives.

In response to concerns over youth suicide, there has been an increase in school-based suicide prevention programs. However, we know little about teacher perspectives on school-based suicide prevention and mental health programs. This study examined teacher roles in the implementation of a district-wide suicide prevention program through focus groups and interviews with middle school teachers, […]

Teachers’ perspectives on preventing suicide in children and adolescents in schools: A qualitative study.

Given the important role teachers play as gatekeepers in school suicide prevention, this study explored teachers’ perspectives on what should be done to improve current suicide prevention efforts. The study, in Queensland, Australia, was part of a large-scale survey examining teachers’ knowledge, attitudes and experience of suicidality. One hundred and fifteen teachers responded to an […]

Kids-parents-school personnel; few are talking and even less are listening.

Teacher awareness and a desire to create a positive environment can result in an atmosphere where caring is the norm and bullying is not tolerated. Yet, if parents and teachers are not communicating, timely and well-reasoned responses to bullying cannot be offered.

Teachers’ experiences of working with students who have attempted suicide and returned to the classroom.

This study utilized semi-structured interviews with six intermediate/secondary teachers in Newfoundland concerning their experiences of working with a student who had returned to the classroom after an attempted suicide. Coding was utilized to determine common themes among the data. Findings indicated teachers experienced shock, uncertainty, anxiety, and fear in terms of how to handle such […]

High school teachers’ experiences with suicidal students: A descriptive study.

Teachers are widely considered key gatekeepers to mental health services for students at risk for suicide. Using data from 120 teachers at two Denver-area high schools, this study investigated teachers’ experiences with suicidal students. Analyses revealed that the majority of teachers (58.8%) reported that at least one student had disclosed suicidal thoughts or behavior, and […]

Parent-teacher disagreement regarding psychopathology in children: A risk factor for adverse outcome?

Risk factors for self-mutilating behaviors may be supplemented with parent-reported aggressive behaviors that are not observed by the teachers. In general, whereas CBCL and TRF scale scores were useful predictors of outcome, parentÐteacher discrepancies were not.

Learning to listen: Teaching an active listening strategy to preservice education professionals.

The importance of parentÐteacher communication has been widely recognized; however, there is only limited research on teaching effective listening skills to education professionals. The parents judged the postinstruction performances of the preservice education professionals to be better examples of effective communication than the preinstruction performances of the preservice education professionals. Contact us for a copy […]

Suicide Prevention Priorities 2011

In this proposal, the Irish Association of Suicidology has set key priorities in relation to suicide & deliberate self-harm prevention, including: providing training to agencies working with people who are unemployed &/or experiencing financial hardship; guidelines for assessment & aftercare of deliberate self-harm presentations to emergency departments; expanding the Suicide Support & Information System; accreditation […]

Attitudes of Medical Students, General Practitioners, Teachers, and Police Officers Toward Suicide in a Turkish Sample

A total sample of 205 medical students, general practitioners, secondary school guidance teachers, & police officers from Ankara, Turkey completed the Attitudes Toward Suicide Scale. Principal components analysis revealed a nine factor model for the scale. Medical students & general practitioners had the most permissive attitudes. General practitioners’ attitude scores about preparedness to prevent suicide […]

Educating Gatekeepers in Asia(IN: Suicide and Suicide Prevention in Asia, ed. by H Hendin)