Meta-analysis of suicide rates among people discharged from non-psychiatric settings after presentation with suicidal thoughts or behaviours

Objective: To quantify the suicide rate among people discharged from non-psychiatric settings after presentations with suicidal thoughts or behaviours. Method: Meta-analysis of studies reporting suicide deaths among people with suicidal thoughts or behaviours after discharge from emergency departments or the medical or surgical wards of general hospitals. Results: A total of 115 studies reported 167 cohorts and 3747[…]

School-based interventions for preventing substance use in indigenous children ages 7–13: A scoping review protocol

Introduction Throughout the world, indigenous peoples share traumatic colonial experiences that have caused gross inequalities for them and continue to impact every aspect of their lives. The effect of intergenerational trauma and other health disparities have been remarkable for Indigenous children and adolescents, who are at a greater risk of adverse mental health and addiction outcomes[…]

Prevalence and correlates of suicide and nonsuicidal self-injury in children: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Objective: To assess prevalence estimates of preadolescent SITBs, identify correlates of these outcomes, and conduct head-to-head comparisons of preadolescent and adolescent SITBs in terms of associated characteristics. Data Sources: MEDLINE, PsycINFO, and Embase were systematically searched from inception through December 23, 2021, for studies on the prevalence and correlates of preadolescent SITBs. The search was[…]

Attempted suicide in American Indian and Alaska Native populations: A systematic review of research on protective factors

American Indian and Alaska Native (AIAN) populations contend with disproportionately high rates of suicide. The study of protective factors is essential for highlighting resilience and formulating potential interventions for suicide. We systematically review factors that are posited to protect against suicide attempts for AIAN peoples. Seventeen (12 journal articles, five theses/dissertations) articles met inclusion criteria.[…]

Investigating the relationship between euthanasia and/or assisted suicide and rates of non-assisted suicide: Systematic review

Background: Euthanasia and assisted suicide (EAS) are practices that aim to alleviate the suffering of people with life-limiting illnesses, but are controversial. One area of debate is the relationship between EAS and suicide rates in the population, where there have been claims that availability of EAS will reduce the number of self-initiated deaths (EAS and[…]

Systematic review and meta-analysis: First Nations, Inuit, and Metis youth mental health

The ongoing effects of colonialism disproportionately place Indigenous youth at risk for mental health challenges. This meta-analysis examined lifetime and past-year prevalence estimates of mental health challenges among First Nations, Inuit, and Métis youth in Canada.
Five electronic databases were searched from their inceptions until June 17, 2021. Studies were[…]

Centering Indigenous knowledge in suicide prevention: A critical scoping review

Indigenous peoples of Canada, United States, Australia, and New Zealand experience disproportionately high rates of suicide as a result of the collective and shared trauma experienced with colonization and ongoing marginalization. Dominant, Western approaches to suicide prevention—typically involving individual-level efforts for behavioural change via mental health professional intervention—by themselves have largely failed at[…]

A systematic review into healthcare professionals’ attitudes towards self-harm in children and young people and its impact on care provision

Self-harming behaviours in children and young people are an alarming reality, with provision of effective treatment historically compromised. The present systematic literature review highlights attitudes displayed by healthcare professionals towards this health problem, providing valuable insight by analysing how these attitudes can impact patient care. Ten studies were included, allowing creation of a narrative synthesis[…]

Community and bystander interventions for the prevention of suicide: Protocol for a systematic review

Suicide has a wide reaching and devastating impact on society. This article presents a study protocol for a systematic review of the literature on community and bystander interventions to reduce the incidence of suicide. These interventions are focused on people other than the person at-risk and are designed to increase awareness of warning signs and[…]

A systematic review of suicidal behaviour in men: A narrative synthesis of risk factors

Suicides by men outnumber those by women in every country of the world. To date, there has not been a comprehensive systematic review of risk factors for suicidal behaviour in men to better understand the excess deaths by suicide in men.
The present systematic review seeks to determine the nature and extent of the risk factors[…]