Alive and kicking: Suicide rates and major soccer events in Austria, Germany and Switzerland

Background Major sporting events are postulated to reduce suicide rates by increased social connectedness, by identifying with winning teams, or, conversely, to increase suicide rates by the ‘broken promise effect’. Methods In our observational epidemiological study, we investigated changes in suicide rates between 1970 and 2017 in Austria, Germany and Switzerland during the European and […]

Determinants of suicidal history before assisted versus self-initiated suicide late in life: an observational study

BACKGROUND: Older adults are at risk of assisted and self-initiated suicide. The links between prior attempts and assisted suicide in the elderly have not been investigated. Hence, we aimed to investigate and describe the occurrence, timing and determinants of suicide attempts prior to assisted and self-initiated suicide. METHODS: We developed a retrospective study of all […]

Trends in suicide methods in Switzerland from 1969 to 2018: An observational study

BACKGROUND: Suicide is a serious societal and health problem. We examined changes in rates of completed suicides in Switzerland between 1969–2018 with particular regard to different methods of suicide used in different subgroups of the resident population. METHODS: We used data of the Swiss cause of death statistics and Poisson regression models to analyse annual […]

Suicide in Switzerland: Why gun ownership can be deadly

There is a great deal of empirical evidence that owning a firearm increases the risk of dying from suicide. Most suicides are impulsive. Nearly 50% of survivors of suicide attempts report that they took less than 10 minutes between the decision to die and their suicide attempt. The great majority of these suicide survivors never […]

Identification of socio-demographic, occupational, and societal factors for guiding suicide prevention: A cohort study of Swiss male workers (2000–2014)

Introduction We modeled suicidal rate among Swiss working-age males, considering three groups of factors at socio-demographic, occupational, and societal levels jointly. Our goal was twofold: to verify the effect of occupation after adjustment for non-occupational factors and to identify protective and risk factors relevant for suicide prevention in working male adults. Methods The study population […]

Impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental health and family situation of clinically referred children and adolescents in Switzerland: Results of a survey among mental health care professionals after 1 year of COVID‑19

The aim of this study was to assess the impact of the COVID-19 pandemic on mental well-being of clinically referred children and adolescents and on their families from the perspective of mental health care professionals in Switzerland during the first year of the pandemic. Psychiatrists and psychologists for children and adolescents participated in an anonymous […]

Observational study of suicide in Switzerland: Comparison between psychiatric in- and outpatients

AIMS OF THE STUDY: In Switzerland, suicide is a major cause of years of potential life lost. Among people who died by suicide, a significant number suffered from mental illness and were treated by psychiatric care institutions. Psychiatric patients are thus a specific target for suicide prevention. Based on data from a clinical committee reviewing […]

Suicide among the elderly in France and Switzerland: What does the societal context tell us about the place of relatives?

Based on a comparison of accounts by relatives of elderly people who died by suicide in France and by assisted suicide in Switzerland, this article analyzes the place of family members and their interpretations of the suicide of their elderly relative. It highlights the way the societal and legal context influences the collection of data, […]

Time trend of suicide in Swiss male farmers and comparison with other men: A cohort study

OBJECTIVE The ongoing agricultural reforms present serious challenges for Swiss farmers. Pressure is growing with difficult economic situations and the increasing demands for environmental protection, animal welfare and food safety. The aim of this study was to determine whether the strain is associated with higher risk of suicide in farmers than in men in other […]

Sleep disturbances and suicidality–a longitudinal analysis from a representative community study over 30 years.

Study objectives: Associations between sleep problems and suicidality are increasingly acknowledged, but prospective data from well-controlled long-term community studies are lacking. Methods: We analyzed data from a longitudinal cohort study with n = 591 young adults from Zurich, Switzerland, prospectively followed from 1979 (age 20/21 years) to 2008 (age 49/50 years). Twelve-month prevalence of various mental disorders, socio-environmental confounders […]

Chances and limits of method restriction: A detailed analysis of suicide methods in Switzerland.

Data from the Swiss Federal Statistical Office and the Swiss Institutes of Forensic Medicine from 2004 were gathered and categorized into suicide submethods according to accessibility to restriction of means. Of suicides in Switzerland, 39.2% are accessible to method restriction. The highest proportions were found in private weapons (13.2%), army weapons (10.4%), and jumps from […]

Methods of suicide used by children and adolescents.

Abstract: Although relatively rare, suicide is a leading cause of death in children and adolescents in the Western world. This study examined whether children and adolescents are drawn to other methods of suicide than adults. Swiss suicides from 1998 to 2007 were examined. The main methods of suicide were analysed with respect to age and […]

Religion and Assisted and Non-Assisted Suicide in Switzerland: National Cohort Study

The authors examined religious affiliation & suicide in Switzerland. The 2000 census records of 1,722,456 Catholics, 1,565,452 Protestants, & 454,397 individuals with no affiliation were linked to mortality records up to December 2005. The association between religious affiliation & suicide, with the Protestant faith serving as the reference category, was examined in Cox regression models. […]

Political Institutions and Suicide: a Regional Analysis of Switzerland (Research Paper Series No.33)

The question to what extent governance structure affects people’s well-being, here reflected in the decision to die by suicide, still remains largely unknown. This paper examines the effects of political institutions & governance structure on suicide using a balanced panel for 26 Swiss cantons over the period 1980-1988. Results indicate that stronger popular rights & […]

Suicide in HIV-Infected Individuals and the General Population in Switzerland, 1988-2008

The authors examined time trends & predictors of suicide before (1988-1995) & after (1996-2008) the introduction of highly active antiretroviral therapy. From 1998-2008, 15,275 patients were followed in the Swiss HIV Cohort Study for a median duration of 4.7 years. Of these, 150 died by suicide. In men, standardised mortality ratios declined from 13.7 to […]

Patient Suicide: a Survey of Therapists’ Reactions

The authors’ aims were to assess how therapists react to patient’s suicide over time & which factors contribute to the reactions. One third of the therapists, mostly women, suffer from severe distress. The impact is not different for therapists in institutional settings & therapists in private practice. The item “overall distress” immedicately after the suicide […]

Adolescent Risk: the Co-Occurrence of Illness, Suicidality and Substance use

This study tested illness, suicidality, & substance use as outome measures in a path analysis of 1028 Swiss adolescents in secondary prevention programs. The model showed that negative mood (depression & anxiety) predicted two paths. One path led from negative mood to suicidality & from there to substance use. The other path led directly from […]

La famille peut-elle empecher l’adolescent de se suicider?

This French-language presentation reported on research with 50 Swiss families in which a young person, ages 12-20 years, had attempted suicide.

Le Suicide et la Prevention du Suicide en Suisse Rapport Repondant au Postulat Widmer (02.3251)

Age-Period-Cohort Analysis of Swiss Suicide Data, 1881-2000

An age-period-cohort analysis was performed to examine gender-specific changes in Swiss suicide rates over the period 1881-2000. Statistical analyses were based on log-linear models & data aggregated by 10-year age-intervals & 10-year period intervals. Similar age & period effects were found in men & women. The estimates of age-specific risk increase steadily with age with […]

Analysis of the Swiss Death-Certificates 1877-1977

This presentation reviewed the epidemiology of suicide in Switzerland for the period 1877-1977. Information was provided on changes by age group and changes in methods. A noticeable fluctuation was delineated in the rates of non-Swiss populations, although this finding was provisional pending final official statistics.

Le devenir psychologique des adolescents suicidants

The Effects of Press Publicity on Suicidal Behaviour

This presentation discussed concerns about imitative suicide following widely publicized media coverage of a suicide that took place in a public venue in Switzerland. The existing research literature on this subject was summarized & new studies from England were also mentioned. Results supported the view that men were more likely to be affected by newspaper […]