Understanding for prevention: Qualitative and quantitative analyses of suicide notes and forensic reports

Suicide risk is associated with vulnerabilities and specific life events. The study’s objective was to explore the relevance of data from forensic documentation on suicide deaths to the design of person-centered preventive strategies. Descriptive and thematic analyses were conducted of forensic observations of 286 deaths by suicide, including some with suicide notes. Key findings included […]

Sexual and gender identity and note-leaving among adult suicide decedents in the USA

Background: Suicide is one of the leading causes of preventable death in the USA, representing a critical public health threat. Suicide risks differ for different populations. In particular, the sexual and gender minority (SGM) population remains at increased risk for suicide. One of the circumstances that may differ for SGM and non-SGM individuals is the […]

Sexual and gender identity and note-leaving among adult suicide decedents in the USA

Background: Suicide is one of the leading causes of preventable death in the USA, representing a critical public health threat. Suicide risks differ for different populations. In particular, the sexual and gender minority (SGM) population remains at increased risk for suicide. One of the circumstances that may differ for SGM and non-SGM individuals is the […]

Why choose the railway?: An exploratory analysis of suicide notes from a sample of those who died by suicide on the railway

Background: The impact of railway suicide in the United Kingdom is extensive, yet reasons for why people choose this method are not clearly understood and research into the examination of suicide notes in this area is limited. Aims: Our study aimed to utilize the unique access to suicide notes written by those who died by suicide on the […]

A qualitative analysis of suicide notes to understand suicidality in older adults

Objective Suicide is a complex multifactorial process influenced by a variety of biological, psychological, and social stressors. Many older adults face a characteristic set of challenges that predispose them to suicidal ideation, suicide-related behavior, and death by suicide. This study explored the subjective experience of suicidality through the analysis of suicide notes from older adults. […]

Suicidal depression in ancient Egypt

Objective To evaluate the oldest record of a depressed individual contemplating suicide. Method A directed review of ancient Egyptology literature of translations and discussion regarding a papyrus that is approximately 4,000 years old. Results The content of the document is consistent with a man going through a severe depression and is contemplating suicide. However, this does […]

Self-stigma and its relationship with rates of depression diagnosis: A study of suicide notes in Shanghai and Wuhan, China

Background: Self-stigma about suicide might impede people seeking help from mental health professionals. There is little research about self-stigma expressed by suicide decedents. Aims: We aimed to explore (a) self-stigma about suicide through examination of suicide notes; and (b) whether the expression of self-stigma was associated with the formal diagnoses of depression. Method: Data were extracted from notes left by […]

Dying in a foreign land: A study of completed suicides among foreign workers in Singapore

Suicide is a public health issue that impacts a nation’s resident and non-resident populations alike. Singapore has one of the largest non-resident (work permit holder) populations in the world, yet very little attention has been given to examining suicide in this population. The current study examined the case materials of all 303 non-resident completed suicides […]

Cognitive networks identify dimensions of distress in suicide notes: Anxiety, emotional profiles, and the “words not said”

Suicide remains a serious public-health concern that is difficult to accurately predict in real-world settings. To identify potential predictors of suicide, we examined the emotional content of suicide notes using methods from cognitive network science. Specifically, we compared the co-occurrence networks of suicide notes with those constructed out of emotion words written by individuals scoring […]

Pandora’s bot: Insights from the syntax and semantics of suicide notes (IN: Healthier Lives, Digitally Enabled, edited by M. Merolli, C. Bain & L.K. Schaper)

Conversation agents (chat-bots) are becoming ubiquitous in many domains of everyday life, including physical and mental health and wellbeing. With the high rate of suicide in Australia, chat-bot developers are facing the challenge of dealing with statements related to mental ill-health, depression and suicide. Advancements in natural language processing could allow for sensitive, considered responses, […]

Difference between suicide note leavers and other suicides: A German psychological autopsy study

Introduction Suicide notes are not only the last personal message from the suicide victim to the bereaved, but are also a valuable source for research in preventing suicides. However, not all suicide victims leave a suicide note and it is unclear whether note leavers are representative of the general population of suicide victims. Methods The […]

A quantitative and qualitative study of notes left by youth who died by suicide in Quebec from 1895 to 1985

The study of suicide notes and the evolution of their content could contribute to a better understanding of reasons conducive to suicide mortality and offer further prevention strategies. From 1895 to 1985, 706 coroner’s inquests of individuals who died by suicide and were 20 years old or younger were found in the province of Quebec. […]

An investigation of suicide notes: An ESP genre analysis

Suicide notes are considered important texts used to understand the suicidal act. Most studies focused on these notes psychologically to test hypothesis. Less research has been done discursively from the perspective of language studies. The purpose of this study is to investigate suicide notes, written by English speaking males and females between the years 1945-1954 […]

Revealing semantic and emotional structure of suicide notes with cognitive network science

Understanding the cognitive and emotional perceptions of people who commit suicide is one of the most sensitive scientific challenges. There are circumstances where people feel the need to leave something written, an artifact where they express themselves, registering their last words and feelings. These suicide notes are of utmost importance for better understanding the psychology […]

Experiences around the clauses: A transitivity analysis of four famous people’s suicide notes

Four suicide notes written by three famous people, Jiah Khan, Kevin Carter, and Virginia Woolf, were analyzed in this study. Systemic Functional Linguistics theory especially about transitivity proposed by Halliday is used to see the ideational meaning of all four suicide notes by identifying the elements of the clauses. This study was conducted with a […]

Language features and causes of suicide case from forensic linguistics point of view

This study aims to describe the psychological process, language features and the cause’s factors of student’s suicide notes. This study explores the power of linguistic variables to uncover the hidden meaning of suicide notes. This analysis uses computerized text analysis namely Linguistic Inquiry and Word Count (LIWC) program and forensic semantic analysis. The primary data […]

Suicide notes: Unsettled exaggerations by males and females

Touching into the gender differences between males and females in expressing the use of exaggeration expressions, this study analyzes the relevant data using the LIWC tool, the HIP method, and the deficit and difference theories. This study found that in relation to the gender stereotypes, both males and females speak differently, yet also demonstrate similarities. […]

CEASE, a corpus of emotion annotated suicide notes in English

A suicide note is usually written shortly before the suicide and it provides a chance to comprehend the self-destructive state of mind of the deceased. From a psychological point of view, suicide notes have been utilized for recognizing the motive behind the suicide. To the best of our knowledge, there is no openly accessible suicide […]

A study of the characteristics of suicide notes in China

Background: Suicide notes in China are rarely studied and seldom available. Aims: This study examines the characteristics of suicide note leavers and analyzes the contents of their suicide notes for the period of 2004-2016 in Pudong, Shanghai, which has more than 5.5 million inhabitants. Method: The characteristics of the note leavers (n = 458) and those who left no notes (n = […]

Method overtness, forensic autopsy, and the evidentiary suicide note: A multilevel National Violent Death Reporting System analysis

OBJECTIVE: Higher prevalence of suicide notes could signify more conservatism in accounting and greater proneness to undercounting of suicide by method. We tested two hypotheses: (1) an evidentiary suicide note is more likely to accompany suicides by drug-intoxication and by other poisoning, as less violent and less forensically overt methods, than suicides by firearm and […]

Last words: Are there differences in psychosocial and clinical antecedents among suicide decedents who leave e-notes, paper notes, or no note?

Objective Only a minority of suicide decedents leave a suicide note. Typically, the notes are handwritten on paper; however, electronic suicide notes have been reported with increasing frequency. This emerging phenomenon remains generally under‐researched. The aim of this study was to compare the psychosocial and clinical antecedents of suicide decedents who left E‐notes with those […]

Suicide notes: Their utility in understanding the motivations behind suicide and preventing future ones

Among the different research methods on suicide notes, the theoretical conceptual approach allows a particularly thorough understanding of the suicidal act. The present study focuses on 78 suicide notes collected in Geneva, Switzerland, between 2006 and 2014. The socio-demographic and medical data of the writers’ notes were collected. The conceptual content of the notes was […]

Suicide notes: Assessing their impact on the bereaved

Objective Although suicidologists have devoted great interest toward the importance of suicide notes, scant attention has been paid to their impact upon the suicide bereaved. Method To address this issue we conducted on an online survey querying 146 mostly American suicide bereaved adults who indicated severe emotional distress after their losses, 80% of whom had […]