Sociodemographic characteristics associated with hospital contact in the year prior to suicide: A data linkage cohort study in Victoria, Australia

The aims of this study were to examine the prevalence of hospital contact in the year prior to suicide in Victoria, Australia, and to compare characteristics among those who did and did not have contact in the year prior to suicide.
The study was a data linkage cohort study of[…]

The structure of suicidal beliefs: A bifactor analysis of the suicide cognitions scale

The Suicide Cognitions Scale (SCS) was developed to measure a broad spectrum of suicidogenic cognitions collectively referred to as the suicidal belief system. Prior confirmatory factor analyses have suggested both a unidimensional and multidimensional structure and high intercorrelations among identified factors, suggesting the possible influence of an underlying general factor. The present study used bifactor[…]

Last suicide attempt before completed suicide in severe depression: An extended suicidal process may be found in men rather than women.

Journal copy held in CSP Library.

Pathways to High-Lethality Suicide Attempts in Individuals With Borderline Personality Disorder

This study developed & tested a model of high-lethality suicide attempts in individuals with borderline personality disorder. An increased number of prior suicide attempts, substance use immediately prior to the attempt, & objective planning were proposed to lead directly to a high-lethality suicide attempt, while aggression & impulsivity were hypothesized to lead indirectly to a[…]

Capable of Suicide: a Functional Model of the Acquired Capability Component of the Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide

A functional model of the acquired capability for suicide, a component of Joiner’s (2005) Interpersonal-Psychological Theory of Suicide, is presented. The model integrates the points dicussed by Joiner into a unified & specific conceptualization of acquired capability. Several points are elaborated on, such as the interaction between specific diatheses with life events, the role of[…]

Is Your Patient a Suicide Risk?

The author provides an overview of suicide & suicide prevention in a medical/surgical setting. Risk factors are discussed as are elements of an effective suicide assessment, & nursing interventions that can applied in everyday practice. (5 refs.) JA

Identifying the Pathways to Suicide in Child Sexual Abuse Victims

In this editorial, the author briefly reviews an article by Cutajar et al (2010) on the relationship of childhood sexual abuse & suicide. It is concluded that much more work is needed to understand the issues involved in the pathways leading to suicide in child sexual abuse victims & that preventing child sexual abuse requires[…]

The Duration of the Suicidal Process: how Much Time is Left for Intervention Between Consideration and Accomplishment of a Suicide Attempt

This study investigated suicide attempters’ reports on the length of time between consideration & accomplishment of a suicide attempt. 82 patients referred to a psychiatric university hospital were approached within 3 days after their attempt. Data were collected from July 2004-December 2005. Nearly half of the patients reported the period between the first current thought[…]

Four Studies on how Past and Current Suicidality Relate Even When “Everything but the Kitchen Sink” is Covaried

Joiner’s theory of suicidal behaviour suggests past suicidal behaviour plays an important role in future suicidality. However, the mechanism by which this risk is transferred & the causal implications have not been well studied. This study provides evaluation of the nature & limits of this relationship across 4 populations, with varying degrees of suicidal behaviour.[…]

Adjustment Disorder and the Course of the Suicidal Process in Adolescents

The association of adjustment disorders (with depressed mood) & suicide in adolescents was investigated by means of a psychological autopsy study. Relatives & other informants of 19 Belgian suicide victims were interviewed. Differences in the duration of the suicidal process between suicide victims diagnosed with adjustment disorder & suicide cases diagnosed with other psychiatric disorders[…]