Cost-effectiveness of implementing a suicide prediction tool (OxMIS) in severe mental illness: Economic modeling study

Background: Cost-effectiveness analysis needs to be considered when introducing new tools and treatments to clinical services. The number of new assessment tools in mental health has rapidly expanded, including suicide risk assessment. Such suicide-based assessments, when linked to preventative interventions, are integral to high-quality mental health care for people with severe mental illness (SMI). We […]

Predicting nonsuicidal self-injury using a variant of the implicit association test

Objective Nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a severe problem, and its prevalence is increasing. To aid prevention and treatment, there is an urgent need for evidence-based measures to identify individuals at risk for NSSI. Measures that probe past NSSI are most promising, but people are often motivated to conceal NSSI behavior. This problem can be overcome […]

Predicting death by suicide with administrative health care system data

Quantifying suicide risk with risk scales is common in clinical practice, but the performance of risk scales has been shown to be limited. Prediction models have been developed to quantify suicide risk and have beenĀ  shown to outperform risk scales, but these models have not been commonly adopted in clinical practice. The original research presented […]

Predicting death by suicide using administrative health care system data: Can recurrent neural network, one-dimensional convolutional neural network, and gradient boosted trees models improve prediction performance?

Background Suicide is a leading cause of death, particularly in younger persons, and this results in tremendous years of life lost. Objective To compare the performance of recurrent neural networks, one-dimensional convolutional neural networks, and gradient boosted trees, with logistic regression and feedforward neural networks. Methods The modeling dataset contained 3548 persons that died by […]

Predictors of suicide relative to other deaths in patients with suicide attempts and suicide ideation: A 30-year prospective study

Background Although there is a large literature that prospectively examines predictors of suicide, low base rates of suicide and imprecision of measurement hinder definitive conclusions from being drawn. Method This study examined predictors of suicide relative to other types of death in a sample of 297 patients who had been hospitalized for suicide ideation or […]

Prospective prediction of first onset of nonsuicidal self-injury in adolescent girls

Objective Adolescent nonsuicidal self-injury (NSSI) is a significant risk factor for suicidal behavior and an important clinical marker of psychopathology. NSSI is especially common in adolescent girls. A number of psychosocial correlates of adolescent NSSI have been identified, including problems characterized by disinhibition and negative affectivity. However, it is unknown whether these characteristics prospectively predict […]

Suicidal Death Prediction Scales (IN: The Prediction of Suicide, ed. by A Beck et al)