Suicide risk factors and warning signs: What we’ve learned from the research

It’s important to understand that there are many potential suicide risk variables, the following are a subset of variables with strong empirical research support: Risk factors including a history of suicidal behaviors; suicidal thoughts; suicide preparation; Warning signs including severe substance abuse; impulsivity; critical relationship problems; severe health/pain problems; serious sleep problems and[…]

Mental health disparities amongst sexual-minority adolescents of the US: A national survey study of YRBSS-CDC

We aimed to evaluate the prevalence and trend of identifying as a sexual minority among the American adolescent population. Additionally, we aimed to evaluate the prevalence and odds of substance abuse, hopelessness, and suicidality among the sexual minority adolescents compared to their heterosexual peers.
We performed a retrospective cross-sectional study[…]

Developmental relations between bullying victimization and suicidal ideation in middle adolescence and emerging adulthood: Do internalizing problems and substance use mediate their links?

Previous research has suggested that bullying victimization is associated with higher suicidal risk among young people; however, the mechanisms underlying this relation have not been well examined. The current study aimed to illuminate the developmental links between bullying victimization and suicidal ideation by examining the mediating roles of depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms, and substance use.[…]

School-based interventions for preventing substance use in indigenous children ages 7–13: A scoping review protocol

Introduction Throughout the world, indigenous peoples share traumatic colonial experiences that have caused gross inequalities for them and continue to impact every aspect of their lives. The effect of intergenerational trauma and other health disparities have been remarkable for Indigenous children and adolescents, who are at a greater risk of adverse mental health and addiction outcomes[…]

The Cedar Project: Relationship between child apprehension and attempted suicide among young Indigenous mothers impacted by substance use in two Canadian cities

Indigenous leaders are gravely concerned over disproportionate representation of Indigenous children in Canada’s child welfare systems. Forced separation from children is deeply traumatizing for mothers and detrimental to the wellbeing of Indigenous families, communities and Nations. This study examined relationships between child apprehension and suicide attempt within a cohort of young Indigenous women impacted by[…]

Suicide attempt and risk of substance use disorders among female youths

Objective: To assess the association between suicide attempts among females before 20 years of age and future risk of substance use disorders. Design, Setting, and Participants: In this longitudinal cohort study, females aged 8 to 19 years (hereafter referred to as youths) who attempted suicide were matched with female youths with no attempt between April[…]

Health care utilization prior to suicide in adults with drug use disorders

Drug use disorders (DUD) are associated with psychiatric illness and increased risks of suicide. We examined health care utilization prior to suicide in adults with DUD, which may reveal opportunities to prevent suicide in this high-risk population. A national cohort study was conducted of all 6,947,191 adults in Sweden, including 166,682 (2.4%) with DUD, who were followed up for suicide during[…]

Suicide risk in a national VA sample: Roles of psychiatric diagnosis, behavior regulation, substance use, and smoking

Background: Most suicides are first attempts that are difficult to predict, possibly reflecting impaired and unstable behavior regulation. We sought to identify characteristics specifically associated with severe suicidal behavior by comparing risk ratios (RRs) for severe suicidal attempts (ATTP) to RRs for suicidal ideation (SI) only in a transdiagnostic sample of Veterans, focusing on impulsive-aggressive or[…]

Mental health and substance use during COVID-19 Summary report 6: Spotlight on 2SLGBTQ+ communities in Canada

The sixth report in this series focuses on the effects of COVID 19 on the 2SLGBTQ+ communities in Canada. The report includes a cross-section of findings taken across seven periods between October 2020 and September 2021. The survey results show that COVID-19 has had a disproportionate effect on the substance use health and mental health[…]

Mental health and substance use during COVID-19: Summary report 5. Spotlight on suicidal ideation and substance use

The objectives of this report are to:
• Spotlight the intersection of suicidal ideation and substance use among different populations over the course
of the pandemic
• Highlight community resilience through the Meadow Lake Roots of Hope project
• Continue to emphasize the broader intersection between mental health and substance use[…]