Adverse childhood experiences during the COVID-19 pandemic and associations with poor mental health and suicidal behaviors among high school students: Adolescent behaviors and experiences survey, United States, January-June 2021

What is already known about this topic? Adverse childhood experiences (ACEs) are associated with poor mental health and suicidal behaviors. What is added by this report? The prevalences of poor current mental health and past-year suicide attempts among adolescents reporting four or more ACEs during the COVID-19 pandemic were four and 25 times as high […]

Implementation and dissemination strategies for school-based suicide prevention programs (IN: Youth Suicide Prevention and Intervention, edited by J.P. Ackerman & L.M. Horowitz)

There is a growing need for upstream suicide prevention in schools as well as guidance for program implementation that can maximize effectiveness and sustainability. This chapter highlights the benefits of using an implementation science framework to guide partnerships between schools, community partners, and healthcare organizations to enhance youth suicide prevention efforts. Examples illustrating this approach […]

Mental health burden of high school students, and suggestions for psychosocial support, 1.5 years into the COVID‑19 pandemic in Austria

The COVID-19 pandemic and containment efforts seem to be particularly challenging for adolescents. This study assessed mental health in high school students 1.5 years after the pandemic began in Austria. A cross-sectional survey was carried out from September to November 2021. Well-being (WHO-5), depressive symptoms, anxiety symptoms and sleep quality were assessed. A total of 1505 […]

Elementary school counselors’ experiences with suicidal students

This phenomenological study is an examination of nine elementary school counselors’ experiences working with young children who are suicidal. Elementary school counselors were interviewed and asked to describe the phenomenon of suicidal ideation and behaviors they identified within their schools. Five themes emerged from the data, including school counselor role related to suicide, uniqueness of […]

Teachers as youth suicide prevention gatekeepers: An examination of suicide prevention training and exposure to students at risk of suicide

Background Teachers are important gatekeepers in suicide prevention for children and youth, yet little is known about factors that contribute to suicide prevention training effectiveness and the influence of student suicidality on teachers’ role as gatekeepers. Objective This study examined teachers’ attitudes and self-efficacy in suicide prevention including an examination of suicide prevention training and […]

Mental health, suicidality, and connectedness among high school students during the COVID-19 pandemic: Adolescent behaviors and experiences survey, United States, January–June 2021

Disruptions and consequences related to the COVID-19 pandemic, including school closures, social isolation, family economic hardship, family loss or illness, and reduced access to health care, raise concerns about their effects on the mental health and well-being of youths. This report uses data from the 2021 Adolescent Behaviors and Experiences Survey, an online survey of […]

On the front line: The role of physical educators in preventing student suicide

This article provides general information and guidance for physical educators, specifically related to their role in suicide prevention. It is the duty of school personnel to recognize the vital role they have in helping to prevent suicide, to promote healthy behaviors and positive relationships, and to appropriately talk about suicide and suicide attempts. Physical educators, […]

Typology and impact of YouTube videos posted in response to a student suicide crisis: Social media metrics and content analyses

Background: Videos relating to suicide are available on YouTube, but their characteristics and impacts have seldom been examined. Objective: This study aimed to examine YouTube videos posted in response to a sudden spate of student suicides in Hong Kong during the 2015-2016 school year and evaluate the impacts of those videos. Methods: Keyword search was […]

Suicidal ideation and behaviors among high school students: Youth Risk Behavior Survey, United States, 2019

Suicide is the second leading cause of death among high school-aged youths 14–18 years after unintentional injuries. This report summarizes data regarding suicidal ideation (i.e., seriously considered suicide) and behaviors (i.e., made a suicide plan, attempted suicide, and made a suicide attempt requiring medical treatment) from CDC’s 2019 Youth Risk Behavior Survey. Results are reported […]

A national survey of school counselors’ experiences with student death by suicide

We examined school counselors’ experiences with student’s suicide. Our quantitative findings identified that encountering the death of a student by suicide is common for school counselors during their careers. School counselors reported a range of personal and professional reactions and relied on different sources of support following students’ deaths. School counselors who experienced student’s death […]

Conducting school suicide risk assessment in distance learning environments

The social distancing mandate, implemented in response to the coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) global pandemic, has guided many schools to deliver instruction via distance learning. Among the many challenges generated by this delivery system is the need for school mental health services, including school suicide prevention and intervention, to be conducted remotely. After briefly discussing […]

Saving our students: The importance of suicide prevention work in schools. IN Strengthening School Counselor Advocacy and Practice for Important Populations and Difficult Topics

Suicide is the second leading cause of death for youth in the US. School counselors are in a pivotal position to identify and intervene with children and adolescents struggling with suicide. School counselors have a legal and ethical obligation to incorporate suicide prevention efforts into their schools. This chapter focuses on current research, including evidence-based […]

Trends in violence victimization and suicide risk by sexual identity among high school students: Youth Risk Behavior Survey, United States, 2015-2019

Lesbian, gay, and bisexual (LGB) youths continue to experience more violence victimization and suicide risk than heterosexual youths; however, few studies have examined whether the proportion of LGB youths affected by these outcomes has varied over time, and no studies have assessed such trends in a nationally representative sample. This report analyzes national trends in […]

Role of school health officers in mental health care for secondary school students in Can Tho City, Vietnam

The objectives of the study were to explore the experiences of school health officers in identifying and managing mental health problems of secondary school students and to gather recommendations from the school officers for improving the effectiveness of mental health care in secondary schools in Can Tho City, Vietnam. We conducted a qualitative study based […]

Is there a relationship between the number of female students who were cyberbullied and the number of female students who seriously considered attempting suicide?

In the United States, cyberbullying has become a major public health concern. Indeed, many people who are victims of cyberbullying consider harming themselves. Because criminal justice practitioners are concerned with public safety, this is an area worthy of study. The general purpose of this study is to investigate whether there is a correlation between the […]

Trends in mental health, non-suicidal self-harm and suicide attempts in 16-24-year old students and non-students in England, 2000-2014

There are concerns about high levels of mental ill-health amongst university students, but little is known about the mental health of students compared to non-students over time. Using data on young people (16–24) from three UK National Psychiatric Morbidity Surveys (2000, 2007, and 2014), we found no evidence that the overall prevalence of common mental […]

Issues in mental health: Suicide prevention grades 7-12

This unit of instruction is designed to help teachers and pupil services personnel implement a set of lessons that build on the essential knowledge and skills related to suicide prevention. In order to implement this set of lessons you will need to use the middle school or high school DVD included in the “S.O.S: Signs […]

Trends in mental health, non-suicidal self-harm and suicide attempts in 16-24 year old students and non-students in England, 2000-2014.

There are concerns about high levels of mental ill-health amongst university students, but little is known about the mental health of students compared to non-students over time. Using data on young people (16–24) from three UK National Psychiatric Morbidity Surveys (2000, 2007, and 2014), we found no evidence that the overall prevalence of common mental […]

Trends of suicidal behaviors among high school students in the United States: 1991-2017

OBJECTIVES: To determine if racial and ethnic subgroups of adolescents are at high risk for engagement in suicidal behaviors. METHODS: Using the nationally representative school-based Youth Risk Behavior Survey from the years 1991 to 2017, we conducted logistic regression analyses to examine trends by different racial and ethnic groups, with each suicide indicator serving as a dichotomous […]

After the Fort McMurray wildfire there are significant increases in mental health symptoms in grade 7-12 students compared to controls

Background In order to examine the impact of disasters on adolescent mental health, this study compared population mental health survey data from two communities in Alberta, Canada: Fort McMurray, which experienced a major natural disaster, and Red Deer, which did not. Methods Data from 3070 grade 7–12 students from Fort McMurray, Alberta, Canada (collected in […]

Ethnic variations of trajectories in suicide ideation and attempt: From middle school to high school

The purpose of this study was to compare patterns of suicide ideation and suicide attempt in three ethnic groups. We analyzed data from 463 students with ethnic backgrounds of African American (AA), Asian American (ASA), and European American (EA) for 6 years. The best fit model was a three‐trajectory class model for all groups. The majority […]

Cannabis use, harms and perceived risks among Canadian students

Cannabis is one of the most widely used psychoactive substance among Canadian youth. This fact is particularly concerning given that early initiation and frequent use of cannabis are associated with many adverse health effects (e.g., impaired cognitive function, increased risk of psychological and substance use disorders). Student drug use surveys (SDUS) are regularly occurring surveys that […]

Diffusion of a peer-led suicide preventive intervention through school-based student peer and adult networks

Background: Peer-led interventions have been applied to prevent various health behavior problems and may be an important complement to individual-level suicide prevention approaches. Sources of Strength trains student “peer leaders” in secondary schools to conduct prevention activities that encourage other students to build healthy social bonds and strengthen help-seeking norms. Prior work examining diffusion of peer-led […]