Suicide rate and social environment characteristics in South Korea: The roles of socioeconomic, demographic, urbanicity, general health behaviors, and other environmental factors on suicide rate

Background Suicide is a serious worldwide public health concern, and South Korea has shown the highest suicide rate among Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries since 2003. Nevertheless, most previous Korean studies on suicide had limitations in investigating various social environment factors using long-term nationwide data. Thus, this study examined how various social […]

Comparison of South Korean men and women admitted to emergency departments after attempting suicide: A retrospective study

Background: Suicide is a major health concern, especially in South Korea. The probability of dying by suicide and the fatality rate differ between men and women. The present study compared the suicide characteristics of women and men and analyzed the choice of suicide methods. Methods: This study retrospectively analyzed patients who visited the emergency department after […]

Association of the type of counselor with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts: A survey of South Korean adolescents

Background Counseling for adolescents who consider or attempt suicide may help reduce suicide rates. However, the impact of the type of counselor (e.g., father, mother, sibling, friend, teacher, other) on suicidal ideation/suicide attempts remains unclear. Therefore, we examined this association in Korean adolescents. Methods Using data from the 2015 Korea Youth Risk Behavior Web-based Survey […]

Need to establish a new adolescent suicide prevention programme in South Korea

Adolescent suicide is the leading cause of death among South Korean (Korean) youth. Despite great efforts being made towards suicide prevention in Korea, the suicide rate has not decreased significantly. There is an urgent need for a new adolescent suicide prevention strategy. This paper describes the seriousness of the issue of adolescent suicide in Korea, […]

Examining whether South Korean and Japanese views of suicide and death help to better understand their contrasting suicide patterns

Based on two independent surveys of South Korean (n=1,599) and Japanese adults (n=1,490) views of suicide and death this analysis found South Koreans more stress-prone and more accepting of suicide than the Japanese, patterns convergent with their overall differences in societal suicide rates. Multiple regression analysis findings suggested that a substantial proportion of the variations […]

Zolpidem use and suicide death in South Korea: A population-based case-control study

Objective To investigate whether zolpidem use is associated with suicide death in adults. Method We conducted a case–control study using the National Health Insurance Service‐National Sample Cohort (NHIS‐NSC) database. Cases were adults with a suicide record (ICD‐10 codes; X‐60‐X84, Y87.0) between January 1, 2004 and December 31, 2013. 10 Controls were matched to each case […]

Adolescent suicide in South Korea: Risk factors and proposed multi-dimensional solution

South Korea has ranked first in suicide mortality among the 35 OECD nations since 2003. Unfortunately, mental health research and evidence-based interventions to curb the rate of suicide have been limited. Suicide is the leading cause of death among South Korean adolescents. Academic stress is a primary risk factor, which is highly correlated with depression. […]

A comparison of attitudes toward suicide among individuals with and without suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts in South Korea

Background: A suicidal person can go through different stages that include suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts. For a few individuals, these can end up with suicide. However, there have been no studies investigating any differences in attitudes toward suicides among individuals with no suicidal thoughts, those with suicidal thoughts, and those with suicide attempts. Aims: This study was […]

Postdischarge suicide and death in South Korean children and adolescents hospitalized for a psychiatric illness

Objective The postdischarge suicide rate in children and adolescents ever hospitalized for a psychiatric illness is much higher than that of children and adolescents in the general population. We aimed to investigate the postdischarge death and suicide among children and adolescents hospitalized for a psychiatric illness using the Korean National Health Insurance database and causes […]

Does a TV public service advertisement campaign for suicide prevention really work? A case from South Korea

Background: One of the critical measures in suicide prevention is promoting public awareness of crisis hotline numbers so that individuals can more readily seek help in a time of crisis. Although public service advertisements (PSA) may be effective in raising the rates of both awareness and use of a suicide hotline, few investigations have been […]

Suicides around major public holidays in South Korea.

A dip and peak pattern of suicide around major public holidays has been found in developed countries and explained by the broken promise effect. Focusing on two major holidays in South Korea (New Year’s Day and Thanksgiving Day, both on the lunar calendar), replication of the dip and peak pattern was done by analyzing individual […]

Cross-cultural relevance of the Interpersonal Theory of suicide across Korean and U.S. undergraduate students.

This study investigated the cross-cultural relevance and validity of the Interpersonal Theory of Suicide (ITS) utilizing young adult samples from South Korea (n =554) and the United States (U.S.; n =390). To examine the ITS, all participants completed self-report questionnaires measuring Thwarted Belongingness, Perceived Burdensomeness, and Capability for Suicide. We examined whether each construct significantly […]

Association between DSM-IV anxiety disorders and suicidal behaviors in a community sample South Korean adults.

ObjectiveThere are conflicting reports about whether individual anxiety disorders are independently associated with suicidal ideation and suicide attempts. We examined whether anxiety disorders are related to suicidal ideation and suicide attempts in a community sample of South Korean adults. MethodsIn-person interviews based on the South Korean version of the Composite International Diagnostic Interview were conducted […]

Income-related inequalities in the prevalence of depression and suicidal behaviour: A 10-year trend following economic crisis.

Persistent health inequalities between socio-economic groups have been observed in both developed and developing countries 1. Tackling such disparities has featured prominently in the policy agenda globally in recent years. The World Health Organization 2,3, the World Bank 4, and the United Nations Development Programme 5 have all emphasized its importance and made this issue […]

Suicidal ideation in gay men and lesbians in South Korea: A test of the interpersonal-psychological model.

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Paraquat prohibition and change in suicide rate and methods in South Korea.

The annual suicide rate in South Korea is the highest among the developed countries. Paraquat is a highly lethal herbicide, commonly used in South Korea as a means for suicide. We have studied the effect of the 2011 paraquat prohibition on the national suicide rate and method of suicide in South Korea. We obtained the […]

Association between suicidal ideation and exposure to suicide in social relationships among family, friend, and acquaintance survivors in South Korea.

Exposure to suicide in social relationships may be associated with suicidal ideation among survivors. In South Korea, which is known for having the highest suicide rate among OECD countries, exposure to suicide in social relationships can have serious consequences as social relationships are greatly emphasized in the society. The purpose of this study was to […]

Case study of a survivor of suicide who lost all family members through parent-child collective suicide.

Journal held in CSP Library.

To what extent does the reporting behavior of the media regarding a celebrity suicide influence subsequent suicides in South Korea?

This study investigated the nature of media coverage of a national entertainer’s suicide and its impact on subsequent suicides. After the celebrity suicide, the number of suicide-related articles reported surged around 80 times in the week after the suicide compared with the week prior. Many articles (37.1%) violated several critical items on the World Health […]

The impact of a celebrity’s suicide on the introduction and establishment of a new method of suicide in South Korea.

Unlike other East Asian countries, South Korea has until recently experienced relatively few charcoal burning suicides. We investigated trends in charcoal burning suicide immediately following the suicide by charcoal burning of the South Korean celebrity, Ahn Jae-Hwan, in September 2008. In the study, we compared the weekly number charcoal burning suicides 1 year before and […]

Towards a reassessment of the role of divorce in suicide outcomes: evidence from five pacific rim populations.

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Associations of physical and sexual health with suicide attempts among female sex workers in South Korea.

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Suicide mortality of suicide attempt patients discharged from emergency room, nonsuicidal psychiatric patients discharged from emergency room, admitted suicide attempt patients and admitted nonsuicidal psychiatric patients.

The suicide mortality rate and risk factors for suicide completion of patients who presented to an emergency room (ER) for suicide attempt and were discharged without psychiatric admission, patients who presented to an ER for psychiatric problems other than suicide attempt and were discharged without psychiatric admission, psychiatric inpatients admitted for suicide attempt, and psychiatric […]