Excess suicide attributable to the COVID‑19 pandemic and social disparities in South Korea

The impact of COVID-19 pandemic on suicide remains unclear and might differ according to individuals’ socioeconomic characteristics. We aimed to investigate excess suicide attributable to COVID-19 in South Korea, stratified by the outbreak period and individual characteristics. We obtained daily time-series suicide mortality data for January 2017–December 2020 from the Korea National Statistics Office and […]

Material hardship and suicidal behavior: Associations among parents and non-parents

Introduction Material hardship is unique facet of economic distress and may be a risk factor for suicidal behavior. Parents are more likely to experience both material hardship and suicidal behavior than non-parents. The aims of this study were to (a) examine the association of material hardship with suicidal behavior and (b) assess whether associations differed […]

Structural indicators of suicide: An exploration of state-level risk factors among Black and White people in the United States, 2015–2019

Purpose Death by suicide among Black people in the USA have increased by 35.6% within the past decade. Among youth under the age of 24 years old, death by suicide among Black youth have risen substantially. Researchers have found that structural inequities (e.g. educational attainment) and state-specific variables (e.g. minimum wage, incarceration rates) may increase risk […]

Socio-economic disparities in patients who present to hospital for self-harm: Patients’ characteristics and problems in the Multicentre Study of Self-harm in England

Background We examined disparities in sociodemographic and clinical characteristics and in problems preceding self-harm across levels of socio-economic deprivation (SED) in persons who presented to hospital for self-harm. Method 108,092 presentations to hospitals (by 57,306 individuals) following self-harm in the Multicentre Study of Self-harm in England (1/1/2000–31/12/2016). Information on area-level SED was based on the English Index […]

Association of selected area-level indicators with suicide mortality in Slovenian municipalities

Background: With an average suicide rate of 20 per 100,000 in the last decade, Slovenia is above the EU average. There are considerable regional differences in suicide mortality within the country. Aim: We aimed to investigate the relationship between selected indicators at area level and the suicide rate in Slovenian municipalities. Method: Sociodemographic, socioeconomic, and (mental) health data in the […]

Sociodemographic differences in time trends of suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts among adolescents living in Amsterdam, The Netherlands: Time trends of suicidal behaviors among adolescents

Background: Suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts among adolescents are major public health problems. More insight into secular changes in suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts among adolescents from various sociodemographic groups is crucial for adequate and targeted policy-making and prevention. We therefore examined 5-year time trends in suicidal thoughts and suicide attempts among adolescents and potential differences […]

Suicide rate and social environment characteristics in South Korea: The roles of socioeconomic, demographic, urbanicity, general health behaviors, and other environmental factors on suicide rate

Background Suicide is a serious worldwide public health concern, and South Korea has shown the highest suicide rate among Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) countries since 2003. Nevertheless, most previous Korean studies on suicide had limitations in investigating various social environment factors using long-term nationwide data. Thus, this study examined how various social […]

Predictors of self-harm and suicide in LGBT youth: The role of gender, socio-economic status, bullying and school experience

Background Lesbian, gay and bisexual (LGB) young people’s increased risk of self-harm, suicidal attempts and suicide compared with heterosexual youth is well established. The current study sought to examine whether these findings also apply to the trans (T) population and which factors act as additional risk or protective factors. Methods In a national cross-sectional survey, […]

Analysis of suicide after cancer diagnosis by US county-level income and rural vs urban designation, 2000-2016

Objective  To examine whether the risks and patterns of suicide mortality among people with a cancer diagnosis differ by US county-level median income and rural or urban status. Design, Setting, and Participants  A retrospective, population-based cohort study following up individuals who were diagnosed with cancer between January 1, 2000, and December 31, 2016, was conducted. The Surveillance, […]

The impact of socioeconomic factors on state suicide rates: Revisited

This paper revisits the purported impact of socioeconomic and social environment factors on annual, U.S. state-level suicide rates. Special attention is paid to the righthand-side linking covariates directly to Durkheim’s (1897/1951) significant contributions to established ecological suicide research. Results from a Hausman-Taylor panel specification lend little support to Durkheim’s social integration/regulation hypothesis that aggregate social […]

Socioeconomic inequalities in suicide mortality in European urban areas before and during the economic recession

Background: Few studies have assessed the impact of the financial crisis on inequalities in suicide mortality in European urban areas. The objective of the study was to analyse the trend in area socioeconomic inequalities in suicide mortality in nine European urban areas before and after the beginning of the financial crisis. Methods: This ecological study of trends […]

Socioeconomic inequalities in suicide mortality in European urban areas before and during the economic recession.

Background Few studies have assessed the impact of the financial crisis on inequalities in suicide mortality in European urban areas. The objective of the study was to analyse the trend in area socioeconomic inequalities in suicide mortality in nine European urban areas before and after the beginning of the financial crisis. Methods This ecological study […]

The effect of income level on all-cause mortality and suicide among patients using antidepressants: A population-based cohort study

Background: To investigate whether household income levels are associated with all-cause mortality and suicide in patients using antidepressant agents. Methods: We analyzed data from 75,782 patients using antidepressants, acquired from the Korean National Health Insurance claims database (2002-2013). Each patient was monitored until December 2013 or until death, whichever occurred sooner. Cox proportional hazard models were used […]

Associations of suicide rates with socioeconomic status and social isolation: Findings from longitudinal register and census data

Suicide represents a major challenge to public mental health. In order to provide empirical evidence for prevention strategies, we hypothesized current levels of low socioeconomic status (SES) and high social isolation (SI) to be linked to increased suicide rates in N = 390 administrative districts since SES and SI are associated with mental illness. Effects […]

Academic performance, subsequent socioeconomic status and suicide attempt in adulthood: Path analyses on Swedish cohort data

Background Poor academic performance in childhood is associated with suicide attempt in adulthood, but the mechanisms are not known. We investigated educational attainment as a possible pathway. Methods We followed two sets of cohorts, born around 1950/1970, respectively, in the Swedish population-representative ‘Evaluation Through Follow-up’ study for a first suicide attempt in national records up to 2013. […]

An empirical investigation of the relationship between business performance and suicide in the US

Previous research suggests that mortality rates behave pro-cyclically with respect to economic growth, with suicides representing a notable exception that consistently increase in economic downturns. Over recent years, there is ample evidence in the literature that the working environment in the US has deteriorated significantly, suggesting that suicide rates may not necessarily behave in a […]

Occupational class differences in suicide: Evidence of changes over time and during the global financial crisis in Australia

BACKGROUND: Previous research showed an increase in Australian suicide rates during the Global Financial Crisis (GFC). There has been no research investigating whether suicide rates by occupational class changed during the GFC. The aim of this study was to investigate whether the GFC-associated increase in suicide rates in employed Australians may have masked changes by […]

Effects of increased minimum wages by unemployment rate on suicide in the USA

Background Social welfare policies such as the minimum wage can affect population health, though the impact may differ by the level of unemployment experienced by society at a given time. Methods We ran difference-in-differences models using monthly data from all 50 states and Washington, DC from 1990 to 2015. We used educational attainment to define treatment and […]

Psychiatric morbidity and suicidal behaviour in low- and middle-income countries: A systematic review and meta-analysis

Psychiatric disorders are reported to be present in 80% to 90% of suicide deaths in high-income countries (HIC), but this association is less clear in low- and middle-income countries (LMIC). There has been no previous systematic review of this issue in LMIC. The current study aims to estimate the prevalence of psychiatric morbidity in individuals […]

Protective factors of suicide an suicidal behavior relevant to emergency healthcare settings: A systematic review and narrative synthesis of post-2007 reviews

Suicide is a major public health concern and, with recent societal changes, such as economic and technological changes, there may be emerging protective factors that mitigate suicide risk that are unrecognized in emergency healthcare. This systematic review aims to identify protective factors for suicide that can feasibly be assessed in time-limited emergency healthcare settings. A […]

Socioeconomic disadvantage, mental health and substance use in young men in emerging adulthood

Emerging adulthood is a neglected phase of the life course in health research. Health problems and risk behaviors at this time of life can have long-term consequences for health. The 2016 Lancet Commission on Adolescent Health and Wellbeing reported that the influence of socioeconomic factors was under-researched among adolescents and young adults. Moreover, the influence […]

Childhood maltreatment, self-esteem, and suicidal ideation in a low-SES emerging adult sample: The moderating role of heart rate variability

Childhood maltreatment is associated with risk for suicidal ideation later in life, yet more research is needed on the indirect effects and bioregulatory protective factors in this association. The present study aimed to investigate the indirect influence of childhood maltreatment on suicidal ideation in emerging adulthood via level of self-esteem, and examine the moderating role […]

Suicide risk among native- and foreign-origin persons in Sweden: A longitudinal examination of the role of unemployment status

Purpose Prior research has documented an association between unemployment and elevated suicide risk. Yet, few Swedish studies have explicitly considered how such risk may vary by different migration background characteristics among persons of foreign-origin, who often experience diverse forms of labor market marginalization. This study examines the extent to which unemployment status may differentially influence […]